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Frank Plumpton Ramsey

(1903—1930) mathematician and philosopher

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A. J. Ayer

A. J. Ayer  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1910–1989)British philosopher, responsible for introducing the principles of logical positivism of the Vienna Circle to British philosophers. He was knighted in 1970.Born in London, Ayer was ...
analytic philosophy

analytic philosophy  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The philosophy that takes the process of analysis to be central to philosophical method and progress. The common idea of analytical philosophers was that the surface form of a language may conceal ...
Apostles

Apostles  

An exclusive intellectual society formed in Cambridge in 1820, for the purpose of friendship and formal discussion. During the 19th‐cent. members included A. Hallam, Tennyson, Milnes, and R. C. ...
axiom of reducibility

axiom of reducibility  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Axiom introduced by Russell and Whitehead in Principia Mathematica. In that system propositional functions are sorted into levels, as part of the ramified theory of types. The axiom says that for any ...
Bruno de Finetti

Bruno de Finetti  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1906–85)Italian mathematician and philosopher. Born in Innsbruck, and educated at Milan, de Finetti worked on many different branches of mathematics, in Milan, in Rome, and from 1931 in the ...
Charles Kay Ogden

Charles Kay Ogden  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
 (1889–1957) English book collector of wide-ranging interests.In 1953, he sold his MSS and early printed books, as well as materials on Jeremy Bentham and Lord Brougham, to University College ...
Christopher John Fardo Williams

Christopher John Fardo Williams  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1930–97)C. J. F. Williams was born in Walsall on 31 December 1930 and died in Bristol on 25 March 1997. After going to school at Shrewsbury he went up ...
Douglas Aidan Trist Gasking

Douglas Aidan Trist Gasking  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1911–94)Douglas Gasking was born in Bangor, Canada on 6 December 1911, while his parents were temporarily resident in that country, and died in Melbourne, Australia on 4 April 1994. ...
Dutch book

Dutch book  

A money pump in which a person holds intransitive or cyclic preferences, for example, preferring x to y, y to z, and z to x. Such a person is therefore willing to pay to have any of them exchanged ...
George Edward Moore

George Edward Moore  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1873–?1958)British philosopher, a leading figure in modern analytic philosophy.Born in London, the son of a doctor, Moore was educated at Dulwich College and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he ...
induction, scientific

induction, scientific  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
One general way of characterizing induction is as a method of inferring general truths from particular truths. This man has a heart and so does this man; in fact, all ...
John Maynard Keynes

John Maynard Keynes  

(1883–1946)English economist and philosopher. Although primarily known as an economist, Keynes produced one philosophical classic, the Treatise on Probability (1921). This develops the theory of ...
Ludwig Wittgenstein

Ludwig Wittgenstein  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1889–1951)Austrian-born philosopher and logician, author of Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1922) and Philosophical Investigations (1953), two of the most influential philosophical works of the ...
Max Black

Max Black  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1909–88).Influential for contributions to philosophy of language, philosophy of mathematics and science, philosophy of art, conceptual analysis, and interpretative studies of figures such as ...
personalism

personalism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The philosophy of probability pioneered by Ramsey and de Finetti, and furthered by the American statistician L. J. Savage in his Foundations of Statistics (1954). Personalism rejects the view that ...
probability

probability  

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Overview Page
A numerical value given to the expectation that a particular event will occur. Although in scientific usage it is normally reckoned on a scale of 0 (for impossibility) to 1 (certainty), in forecasts ...
Ramsey test

Ramsey test  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The test suggested by F. P. Ramsey for assessing the acceptability or assertibility or degree of truth of a conditional A→C. It says that you should: (a) take the set of probabilities of propositions ...
redundancy theory of truth

redundancy theory of truth  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The theory also known as minimalism, or the deflationary view of truth, fathered by Frege and Ramsey. The essential claim is that the predicate ‘…is true’ does not have a sense, i.e. expresses no ...
Richard Bevan Braithwaite

Richard Bevan Braithwaite  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1900–90)Cambridge philosopher of science and probability. His major work Scientific Explanation (1955) takes a forthright empiricist line, derived from Hume and Ramsey, in the philosophy of ...
Roy Harrod

Roy Harrod  

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Overview Page
(1900 –1978)The first economist to reconcile Keynesian economics to models of steady state economic growth—the latter a major topic of economic inquiry since Adam Smith. This work—especially The ...

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