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Ma Rainey

(1886—1939)

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Alberta Hunter

Alberta Hunter  

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Music
(b. 1 April 1895; d. 17 October 1984), blues singer and composer whose career spanned seven decades.“I’ve got the world in a jug, the stopper’s in my hand,” are ...
Art Satherley

Art Satherley  

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Music
B. Arthur Edward Satherley, 19 October 1889, Bristol, England, d. 10 February 1986. Known as ‘Uncle Art’, Satherley was a pioneer in the US recording industry during the 20s and ...
Bessie Smith

Bessie Smith  

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Music
(1895–1937)Black US blues singer. Known as the ‘Empress of the Blues’, this tall handsome woman created a style that was followed by many jazz singers, including Louis Armstrong and Billie ...
Blind Blake

Blind Blake  

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Music
B. Arthur Blake (or possibly Phelps), c.1890s, Jacksonville, Florida, USA, d. c.1933. One of the very finest of pre-war blues guitarists, Blind Blake is nevertheless a very obscure figure. Almost ...
Blind Lemon Jefferson

Blind Lemon Jefferson  

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Music
B. July 1897, Wortham (Couchman), Texas, USA, d. December 1929, Chicago, Illinois, USA. Jefferson was one of the earliest and most influential rural blues singers to record. He was one ...
blues

blues  

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Music
Slow jazz song of lamentation, generally for an unhappy love affair. Usually in groups of 12 bars, instead of 8 or 16, each stanza being 3 lines covering 4 bars of music. Tonality predominantly ...
Blues Boy Willie

Blues Boy Willie  

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Music
B. William D. McFalls, 28 November 1946, Memphis, Texas, USA. Reputedly, McFalls’ father played in the tent show band that accompanied blues legend Ma Rainey. Singing and playing blues harmonica ...
Clarence 'Pine Top' Smith

Clarence 'Pine Top' Smith  

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Music
B. 11 January 1904, Troy, Alabama, USA, d. 15 March 1929, Chicago, Illinois, USA. Often considered to be the founder of the boogie-woogie style of piano playing, ‘Pine Top’ Smith ...
Doc Cheatham

Doc Cheatham  

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Music
B. Adolphus Anthony Cheatham, 13 June 1905, Nashville, Tennessee, USA, d. 2 June 1997, Washington, DC, USA. Cheatham’s remarkably long career began in the early 20s when he worked in ...
Edith Wilson

Edith Wilson  

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Music
B. 6 September 1896, Louisville, Kentucky, USA, d. March 1981. Edith Wilson was a blues-singing stage star whose career credits include a long list of revues beginning with Put And ...
Gayl Jones

Gayl Jones  

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Literature
(1949– )African American writer and critic, born in Lexington, Kentucky, who began publishing stories and poems in the 1970s. Her first novel, Corregidora (1975), treats domestic abuse, a theme which ...
Gospel Music

Gospel Music  

It has been said that “Gospel compositions come to life at the hands of the performers.” The term “gospel,” meaning a musical genre, was first used in reference to late-nineteenth-century ...
Hattie McDaniel

Hattie McDaniel  

(1895–1952).Film and television performer. Although she will be forever remembered as Mammy in Gone With the Wind (1939), the round African American character actress acted in different media and ...
J. Mayo Williams

J. Mayo Williams  

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Music
B. 1894, Monmouth, Illinois, USA, d. 2 January 1980, Chicago, Illinois, USA. A college graduate, Williams was nicknamed ‘Ink’ by musicians; he was the first, and in his time the ...
Joe Smith

Joe Smith  

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Music
B. 28 June 1902, Ripley, Ohio, USA, d. 2 December 1937. With his father, six brothers and a cousin all playing trumpet, it is hardly surprising that Smith also played ...
lesbianism

lesbianism  

(lez-bi-ăn-izm)a pattern of sexuality in which a woman is sexually attracted to, or engages in sexual behaviour with, another woman. See also homosexuality.—lesbianadj., n.
Lloyd Price

Lloyd Price  

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Music
B. 9 March 1933, Kenner, Louisiana, USA. Price, who launched his career in the early 50s performing rocking R&B, New Orleans-style, was - like his Crescent City compatriot Fats Domino ...
Louis Jordan

Louis Jordan  

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Music
B. Louis Thomas Jordan, 8 July 1908, Brinkley, Arkansas, USA, d. 4 February 1975, Los Angeles, California, USA. This highly popular saxophonist and singer began touring as a teenager with ...
Lovie Austin

Lovie Austin  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Music
B. Cora Calhoun, 19 September 1887, Chattanooga, Tennessee, USA, d. 10 July 1972. A formally trained pianist and arranger, Austin worked in vaudeville for a number of years. She also ...
Mahalia Jackson

Mahalia Jackson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b. 26 October 1911; d. 27 January 1972),gospel singer. Mahalia Jackson was known as the Queen of Gospel; her voice was described by her friend Martin Luther King Jr. ...

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