Overview

railways

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 165 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

Agricultural Experiment Stations.

Agricultural Experiment Stations.  

By the 1880s, industrialization and urbanization in America were generating increasing demands for farm products, while the plains and western states were producing surpluses for a developing ...
ambulances

ambulances  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The transport of sick or wounded forms an important element of the organization of military medicine, and its efficiency directly affects survival rates. An ambulance is effectively any vehicle ...
amphibious Operations

amphibious Operations  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An attack launched from the sea by naval and landing forces, embarked in ships or craft involving a landing on a hostile or potentially hostile shore. An amphibious operation involves five phases: ...
Andrew Carnegie

Andrew Carnegie  

(1835–1919)British-born US industrialist and philanthropist who used his personal fortune, derived largely from the steel industry, to finance a variety of charitable institutions.Carnegie was born ...
Appalachia.

Appalachia.  

Geographically, Appalachia includes the mountains and valleys of states eastward from the Ohio River to the piedmont and northward from Georgia to Maine. Appalachia most often refers to the more ...
Atlanta

Atlanta  

The state capital of Georgia, which during the Civil War was a Confederate stronghold. Its loss in 1864 to the Union forces under Sherman after a long siege was a turning point in the Civil War.
Austro-Prussian War

Austro-Prussian War  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(June–August 1866)A war fought between Prussia, allied with Italy, and Austria, allied with Bavaria and other, smaller German states. War had become inevitable after Bismarck challenged Austria's ...
automobile

automobile  

Self-propelled vehicles have long been dreamt of by human society. The ancients devised methods for moving statues over short distances during religious celebrations. Later thinkers such as Roger ...
Belfast

Belfast  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Is the second largest city in Ireland, and the economic and political capital of Northern Ireland. Although the Normans established a fort at Belfast in the 12th cent., a substantial town only ...
Bianconi system

Bianconi system  

Started by Charles (Carlo) Bianconi (1786–1875), an Italian immigrant who came to Ireland in 1802 as a pedlar of prints. On his journeys he saw the need for a regular ...
Board of Works

Board of Works  

(Office of Public Works), established in 1831, reflecting the anxiety of British politicians to promote the economic improvement of Ireland and thus to reduce poverty and disorder. Consisting of ...
Boxer Rebellion

Boxer Rebellion  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A Chinese nationalist uprising, in protest against the growing foreign encroachment into Chinese sovereignty. It took place against the background of foreign acquisition of bases on Chinese soil ...
brewing

brewing  

The process by which beer is made. Fermentation of sugars from barley grain by the yeasts Saccharomyces cerevisiae and S. uvarum (or S. carlsbergenesis) produces alcohol (ethanol). In the first stage ...
British Americans.

British Americans.  

British Americans (including the English, Scots, Welsh, and Scotch-Irish) began to settle North America permanently in 1607. They dominated immigration in the Colonial Era, bringing with them the ...
building stones

building stones  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
It is probably true to say that all the rocks that are accessible to humans have been used for constructional purposes at one time or another. In general, the stones ...
California

California  

It is estimated that approximately 300,000 Native Americans inhabited the area now know as California before Spanish explorers arrived in search of wealth. On September 28, 1542, an expedition led ...
canal

canal  

Darius I completed the canal begun by Necho (see saïtes) to connect the Pelusiac branch of the Nile above (south of) Bubastis to the Red Sea. Ptolemy II built a longer canal, from the still undivided ...
carrier

carrier  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.One who transports persons or goods from one place to another. Carriage is normally under a contract that may affect or limit the duties otherwise imposed by law, but such contracts may be subject ...
Channel Tunnel

Channel Tunnel  

The earliest detailed proposal for a tunnel dates from the peace of Amiens in 1802, suggesting two tunnels with horse‐drawn vehicles and stabling facilities. Mercifully it was not built. The ...
Chautauqua Movement

Chautauqua Movement  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An outgrowth of the lyceum movement, originated at Lake Chautauqua, N.Y., where annual Methodist Episcopal camp meetings had been held until they were reorganized (1874) as assemblies for religious ...

View: