Overview

Qumran Community

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-18 of 18 entries

View:

Copper Scroll

Copper Scroll  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A document found at Qumran. It consists of an inventory of treasure, conjectured to be the treasure seized from the Temple before the Jewish revolt of 67 ce.
Damascus Document

Damascus Document  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Manuscript of a Jewish sect which left Judah to settle in ‘Damascus’. It reflects opposition to the Hasmonean high priesthood.
Dead Sea Scrolls

Dead Sea Scrolls  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A collection of Hebrew and Aramaic manuscripts, the first of which were found in 1947 by shepherds in a cave near the north-western shore of the Dead Sea. They belonged to the library of the Jewish ...
flesh

flesh  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Part of humanity and not of God. Although the word, sarx in Greek, is used in the literal sense of the physiology of the human body, or indeed of horses (Isa. 31: 3), meaning that they are mortal, it ...
House Of Judah

House Of Judah  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
There are four certain occurrences of the term house of Judah in the Dead Sea Scrolls: the Damascus Document (CD iv.11); Pesher Habakkuk (1QpHab viii.1); Pesher Psalmsa (4Q171 1–10. ii.14) ...
Karaites

Karaites  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Heb. , ‘to read’). A Jewish sect, dating from the 8th cent. ad, which rejects rabbinical tradition and the Talmud, and bases its teaching solely on the Scriptures. It survives mainly in Russia and ...
Light

Light  

Medieval theories concerning light were long influenced by the neoplatonist system of thought. Light (lumen) had its origin in the stars and heavenly bodies, whose rays reached the sublunary world ...
Qumran Community

Qumran Community   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

The term Qumran community refers to the community whose archaeological and literary remains were preserved at Khirbet Qumran, ῾Ein-Feshka, and

Qumran community

Qumran community   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
118 words

Jewish monastic community which lived near the shores of the Dead Sea. Major archaeological excavations have taken place in the

QUMRAN COMMUNITY

QUMRAN COMMUNITY   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,098 words

a group living at the site of Khirbat Qumran, on the western shore of the Dead Sea, between approximately 100 ...

Righteousness

Righteousness  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In Hebrew, the quality of being found right or innocent; it is what describes a good king (Isa. 32: 1) or a fair partner or neighbour (Amos 5: 6–7). God is righteous because he observes his covenant, ...
Rule of the Community

Rule of the Community  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A work among several others found in the Dead Sea Scrolls containing regulations for the sectarian Qumran community. The Rule of the Community (Serekh ha- Yaḥad) deals with admission of ...
Sons of Light

Sons of Light  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Hebrew phrase used in the Dead Sea Scrolls. The ‘sons of light’ are contrasted with the ‘sons of darkness’, and are presumably to be identified with members of the Qumran community.[...]
teacher of Righteousness

teacher of Righteousness  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The leader of the Qumran community who interpreted scripture and was opposed by a ‘wicked priest’. The identity and history of the teacher can only be surmised: possibly he was once a high priest in ...
Temple Scroll

Temple Scroll  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Scroll of the Jewish Qumran sect. The Temple Scroll was among those found in the Dead Sea collection and dates from the end of the 2nd cent. bce. It includes ...
Thanksgiving Psalms

Thanksgiving Psalms  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Designation of one of the Dead Sea Scrolls. It contains a number of poems, all of which begin, ‘I thank thee, O Lord’, or ‘Blessed be thou, O Lord’.
War Scroll

War Scroll  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
One of the Dead Sea scrolls found near Qumran. The War Scroll is an apocalyptic work describing the conflict at the end of time between the Sons of Light and the Sons of Darkness.[...]
Zadokites

Zadokites  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Heb., ‘Benei Zadok’, ‘Sons of Zadok’).Members of the ascetic community at Qumran. According to the Dead Sea Scrolls, ‘the sons of Zadok are the elect of Israel, called by name, who arise in the ...

View: