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Abd al-Karim Hairi Yazdi

Abd al-Karim Hairi Yazdi  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 1936)Prominent Shii cleric, responsible for the importance of Qom as a center of Shii learning after 1921. Founded Hawzah-yi Ilmiyah Seminary. Taught that Shiis could follow more than one marja ...
Ḥawzah

Ḥawzah  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In the Shīʿī shrine cities of Najaf and Karbala in Iraq and Qom, Iran, ḥawzah denotes a community of learning that encompasses circles of study, scholarly activities, and social bonds. ...
Ḥosayn Borujerdi

Ḥosayn Borujerdi  

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Religion
Ḥosayn Ṭabāṭabāʿī Borujerdi (also rendered Ḥusayn Ṭabāṭabāʿī Burūjirdī) (1875–1961),was a Shīʿī jurisprudent and seminary director who was the sole marjaʿ al-taqlīd (source of emulation) for all ...
Imāmzādah

Imāmzādah  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A shrine-tomb of a male descendant of a Shii imam is reverently accorded this title to indicate the love for the household of the Prophet Muhammad among the Shiis. Centers of popular Shii devotion ...
Marja al-Taqlid

Marja al-Taqlid  

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Religion
Authority to be followed. Highest-ranking authorities of Twelver Shii community, who execute shariah. The term is usually applied to between four and eight high-ranking jurists (ayatollahs) locally ...
Mashhad

Mashhad  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1) Gravesites of Twelver Shii imams. All twelve imams were either murdered, persecuted, or poisoned, rendering them all martyrs. Their tombs have become sites of annual pilgrimage for Shiis. Shiis ...
Mutahhari, Murtaza

Mutahhari, Murtaza  

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Subject:
Religion
(d. 1979)Iranian religious scholar and writer, one of the closest associates of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini (d. 1989). Studied jurisprudence in Qom, where he met Khomeini and Muhammad Husayn ...
Qom

Qom   Reference library

Johanna Granville

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
303 words
Located in north-central Iran 97 miles (156 kilometers) southwest of the capital city of Tehran, Qom is the seventh-largest city in the country and the capital of Qom province. The town ... More
Qom

Qom   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,726 words
Illustration(s):
1

A small provincial town south of Tehran, Qom (or Qum) is the site of Ḥaz̤rat-i Maʿṣūmah, the shrine of Fāṭimah,

Qom

Qom   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
30 words

City in w central Iran. The burial place of Fatima, her shrine is a place of pilgrimage for Shi'ite

Qom

Qom   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
146 words

Leading center of Shii theological seminaries and site of Hazrat-i Masumah, which is the second most important Shii shrine in

Qom

Qom   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
63 words

Iranian town, south of Teheran, a major centre for the training of Shīʿa Muslim teachers and leaders. The tomb of

Ruḥ Allah Khumayni

Ruḥ Allah Khumayni  

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Religion
(1902–89).Religious leader among Ithna ʿAshariyya (Twelver) Shiʿite Muslims, and figurehead of the Islamic Revolution in Iran. He was born in Khumayn and followed a path of Islamic education in ...
Ruhollah Khomeini

Ruhollah Khomeini  

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Subject:
Religion
(1900–89)Iranian Shiite Muslim leader. After 16 years in exile he returned to Iran in 1979 to lead an Islamic revolution which overthrew the shah. He established a fundamentalist Islamic republic, ...
Shia

Shia  

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Religion
One of the two main branches of Islam, followed especially in Iran, that rejects the first three Sunni caliphs and regards Ali, the fourth caliph, as Muhammad's first true successor. Adherents are ...
Ziyarah

Ziyarah  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Visitation. Refers to visiting gravesites for the purpose of praying for the dead or visiting the tombs of holy people (saints), seeking blessings. Rituals require that one should turn toward the ...

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