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Pyrrho

(c. 365—275 bc) Greek philosopher

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Aenesidemus

Aenesidemus  

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Philosophy
Of Cnossus, Sceptical philosopher, revived Pyrrhonism (see Pyrrhon) in the 1st cent. bc.
Anaxarchus

Anaxarchus  

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Philosophy
(4th c. bc)A follower of Democritus and teacher of Pyrrho. He accompanied Alexander the Great on his travels to the east, and was greatly esteemed by him. It is he whom Pyrrho is supposed not to have ...
Arcesilaus

Arcesilaus  

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Of Pitane in Aeolis, 316/5–242/1 bc, head of the Academy from c.269. He introduced scepticism (see sceptics) into Plato's school, thereby founding the ‘New Academy’. He seems to have appealed to the ...
Celsus

Celsus  

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Jurist, see Iuventius Celsus; medical author, see Cornelius Celsus, A. ‘Library of Celsus’ (Ephesus), see libraries.
Cynics

Cynics  

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A member of a school of ancient Greek philosophers founded by Antisthenes, marked by an ostentatious contempt for ease and pleasure. The movement flourished in the 3rd century bc and revived in the ...
Elis

Elis  

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City of the Peloponnese of Greece, deserving immortal fame because, in honour of its native son Pyrrho, it passed a law exempting all philosophers from taxation.
evidence

evidence  

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That which raises or lowers the probability of a proposition. The central question of epistemology is the structure of this process and its ultimate rationale.
Favorinus

Favorinus  

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(c. ad 85–155),sophist, philosopher, and man of letters. Born in Gallic Arelate, he learned Greek, and worked only in that language throughout his professional career. His speaking tours took him to ...
Hecataeus

Hecataeus  

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Of Abdera, c. 360–290 bc, author of philosophical ethnographies, pupil of Pyrrhon the sceptic (Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 264 T 3), visited Egyptian Thebes (2) (T 4) under Ptolemy (1) I ...
Menodotus

Menodotus  

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Of Nicomedia (fl. probably c.ad 120), follower of Pyrrhon, pupil of Antiochus (11) of Ascalon, and leader of the empirical school of medicine (see medicine, § 5. 3). He was a voluminous author, and ...
Nausiphanes

Nausiphanes  

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Of Teos (fl. c. 340–320 bc), Democritean philosopher (see Democritus), and teacher of Epicurus, who however claimed to have learnt nothing from him. A pupil of Pyrrhon of Elis (the ...
Pierre Bayle

Pierre Bayle  

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Literature
(1647–1706), sceptical writer. He was a professor at Rotterdam from 1681 to 1693. He held that religion and morality being independent of one another, all private and social virtues may be equally ...
Pierre Charron

Pierre Charron  

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Religion
(1541–1603), French preacher and philosopher. Influenced by M. Montaigne, Charron doubted whether human reason, unaided, could reach any certainty about God and His properties, but he held that the ...
relativism

relativism  

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Philosophy
The doctrine that knowledge, truth, and morality exist in relation to culture, society, or historical context, and are not absolute.
scepticism

scepticism  

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Philosophy
(Greek, skepsis, enquiry or questioning)Although Greek scepticism centred on the value of enquiry and questioning, scepticism is now the denial that knowledge or even rational belief is possible, ...
Sceptics

Sceptics  

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An ancient or modern philosopher who denies the possibility of knowledge, or even rational belief, in some sphere. The leading ancient sceptic was Pyrrho, whose followers at the Academy vigorously ...
Sextus Empiricus

Sextus Empiricus  

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Pyrrhonist Sceptic (see pyrrhon; sceptics) and medical doctor. Nothing is known about his life, but the name ‘Empiricus’ shows that he was a member of the Empiricist school of medicine (see medicine, ...
subjectivism

subjectivism  

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Philosophy
Any theory in which a phenomenon is seen as dependent on human ideas or beliefs. For instance, ethical relativism or ontological idealism.
Theories of Knowledge

Theories of Knowledge  

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As with other concepts considered by those who thought and wrote before Plato and Socrates, no Presocratic philosopher essayed an analysis of knowledge—perhaps Xenophanes offered a partial analysis, ...
Timon

Timon  

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Of Phlius (c. 320–230 bc), Sceptic, follower of Pyrrhon. After a period of poverty in his youth, when he earned a living as a dancer, he studied in Megara with ...

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