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acts of bishops

acts of bishops  

Bishops' acts refer to the texts (charters, letters) issued by bishops whether or not through the intermediary of an episcopal chancery. The earliest acts are testaments, by which are designated ...
Alfonso VI of Castile

Alfonso VI of Castile  

(1040–1109)King from 1065 to 1109, firstly of León, then in 1072 of León, Castile and Galicia, which, separated by his father, he reunified, from 1077 Alfonso entitled himself “Imperator ...
Andorra

Andorra  

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Overview Page
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History
A small co‐principality in the Pyrennes, between France and Spain.Physical.Andorra has a landscape of valleys at around 900 m (3000 feet) which rise to peaks at 2900 m (9600 feet). The attractive ...
Aquitaine

Aquitaine  

A region and former province of SW France, on the Bay of Biscay, centred on Bordeaux. A province of the Roman Empire and a medieval duchy, it became an English possession by the marriage of Eleanor ...
Aragon

Aragon  

An autonomous region of NE Spain, bounded on the north by the Pyrenees and on the east by Catalonia and Valencia; capital, Saragossa. Formerly an independent kingdom, which was conquered in the 5th ...
architecture, Ecclesiastical

architecture, Ecclesiastical  

Ecclesiastical architecture responds, from a purely practical point of view, primarily to the requirements of worship and secondarily to the needs of those who dedicate themselves to the religious ...
Europe

Europe  

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Religion
The name originally stood for central Greece. It was soon extended to the whole Greek mainland and by 500 bc to the entire land mass behind it. The boundary between the European continent and Asia ...
Fontevraud

Fontevraud  

In France, the site of a major Benedictine abbey of the 11th and 12th centuries; Henry II of England, Eleanor of Aquitaine, and their son Richard I are buried there.
France

France  

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One of Europe's most centralized states, with a distinctive and influential cultureFrance has the largest territory in Western Europe. Around two-thirds is lowlands, chiefly to the north and west, ...
Gascony

Gascony  

A region and former province of SW France, in the northern foothills of the Pyrenees, which having united with Aquitaine in the 11th century, was held by England between 1154 and 1453.Gascons were ...
Henry II

Henry II  

(1133–89),king of England (1154–89). The first of the Plantagenet kings of England was one of the most successful of this country's monarchs. His achievements are the more remarkable since his ...
Languedoc

Languedoc  

(province) Region of southern France between Rhône and Roussillon, from the Mediterranean to the Pyrenees. It is named after the Occitan language spoken there (in which ‘oc’ means ‘yes’), after ...
Merovingian Sarcophagi

Merovingian Sarcophagi  

At the start of the Merovingian period, inhumation in sarcophagi remained, as at the end of the Roman period, an essentially urban custom whose social character is always manifest, as ...
Merovingians

Merovingians  

A member of the Frankish dynasty founded by Clovis and reigning in Gaul and Germany c. 500–750. The word comes from the medieval Latin Merovingi ‘descendants of Merovich’ (semi-legendary 5th-century ...
Navarre

Navarre  

An autonomous region of northern Spain, on the border with France; capital, Pamplona. It represents the southern part of the former kingdom of Navarre, which was conquered by Ferdinand in 1512 and ...
Peter Orseolo

Peter Orseolo  

(died c.988)Born in the Venetian lagoon, he married Felicia Malipiero in 946, but practised chastity after the birth of his children. By reason of his reputation for probity, in ...
Plantagenet

Plantagenet  

Name of the English royal dynasty which held the throne from the accession of Henry II in 1154 until the death of Richard III in 1485. The name comes from Latin planta genista ‘sprig of broom’, said ...
Spain

Spain  

Spain is now accommodating its dissident regions and making rapid economic stridesSpain, Western Europe's second largest country, is dominated by the Meseta, the vast and often barren central plain ...
St-Germain-des-Prés

St-Germain-des-Prés  

Abbey on the left bank of the Seine founded by Childebert to house relics; consecrated in honour of the Holy Cross and St Vincent by Germanus; became an early royal ...
Visigoths

Visigoths  

A member of the branch of the Goths who invaded the Roman Empire between the 3rd and 5th centuries ad and ruled much of Spain until overthrown by the Moors in 711. The name comes from Latin ...

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