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John Pym

(1584—1643) politician

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civil wars

civil wars  

1642–51.In 1629 Charles I dismissed Parliament, resolving never to call another. He might have succeeded but for the problem of the multiple kingdoms. During the 1630s he decided to bring Scottish ...
Earl of Clarendon Edward Hyde

Earl of Clarendon Edward Hyde  

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(1609–74),entered Parliament in 1640 and at first sided with the popular party, but as a strong Anglican he was from 1641 onwards one of the chief supporters and advisers of the king. He followed ...
five members

five members  

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1642.On 4 January 1642 Charles I, exasperated at the opposition of the House of Commons, attempted in person to arrest five of its leaders—John Pym, John Hampden, Denzil Holles, Arthur Haselrig, and ...
Grand Remonstrance

Grand Remonstrance  

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(1641)A document drawn up by opposition members of the English Long Parliament, indicting the rule of Charles I since 1625 and containing drastic proposals for reform of church and state. Although it ...
John Hampden

John Hampden  

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(1594–1643)English politician, who played a leading part in the opposition to Charles I's arbitrary government. In 1627 he was imprisoned for refusing to pay the “forced loan” imposed by Charles to ...
Long Parliament

Long Parliament  

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(1640–60)The English Parliament called by Charles I after the Bishops' Wars had bankrupted him. Led by the Parliamentarian John Pym, by August 1641 it had made a series of enactments depriving him of ...
Lord Strafford Thomas Wentworth

Lord Strafford Thomas Wentworth  

(1593–1641)English statesman. A Member of Parliament from 1614, he entered the service of Charles I in 1628. Although he had previously opposed royal policies, he was a believer in firm government ...
Pym, John

Pym, John (1584–1643)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

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2004
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68 words

of the parliamentary opposition to King Charles I. In the Long Parliament (1640) he initiated proceedings against

Short Parliament

Short Parliament  

April–May 1640.The first Bishops' War ended inconclusively because Charles I was not strong enough to fight the Scots. He summoned Parliament in 1640 in the expectation that it would provide the ...
Sir Arthur Haselrig

Sir Arthur Haselrig  

(c. 1600–61).Haselrig, a Leicestershire baronet, was a leader of the parliamentary cause throughout the civil wars. A staunch puritan, educated at Cambridge and Gray's Inn, he was a close associate ...
Sir Henry the elder Vane

Sir Henry the elder Vane  

(1589–1655) and(1613–62).Politicians of contrasted character. The father was a worldly minded courtier, bent on accumulating a great landed estate. The son was a radical puritan with mystical ...
4th earl of Bedford, Francis Russell

4th earl of Bedford, Francis Russell  

(1593–1641).Bedford hoped to resolve the political crisis of early 1641, since he was acceptable to Charles I as well as the parliamentary leaders. In concert with his client John Pym, a key figure ...

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