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Alexander Pushkin

(1799—1837)

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Aleksandr Sumarokov

Aleksandr Sumarokov  

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(1717–77)Russian writer. The first to break with the tradition of church Slavonic, Sumarokov laid the foundations of a European Russian culture founded on French neoclassicism. The first writer of ...
Aleksandrinsky Theatre

Aleksandrinsky Theatre  

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Named after Nicholas I's consort, Empress Aleksandra, the playhouse was one of two imperial theatres in St Petersburg and housed its principal acting company. The original troupe, headed by Ivan ...
Charles-Louis Didelot

Charles-Louis Didelot  

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(b Stockholm, 1767; d Kiev, 7 Nov. 1837)French dancer, choreographer, and teacher. He studied with Louis Frossard and his father at the Royal Theatre in Stockholm and later in Paris with Dauberval, ...
Christopher Reid

Christopher Reid  

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Literature
(1949– ),British poet, born in Hong Kong, educated at Exeter College, Oxford, where Craig Raine was his tutor. In 1991 he was appointed to an editorial position with Faber and ...
D. M. Thomas

D. M. Thomas  

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Literature
(1935– ),poet, novelist, and translator. His work has been enriched by his familiarity with Russian literature, and his translations include two volumes of the poems of Akhmatova (1976, 1979) and ...
Declan Donnellan

Declan Donnellan  

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(1953– )English director. In 1981 Donnellan founded Cheek by Jowl with his partner and regular collaborator Nick Ormerod. A small-scale company with a commitment to touring classical theatre, Cheek ...
Dmitri Shostakovich

Dmitri Shostakovich  

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Music
(b St Petersburg, 25 Sept. 1906; d Moscow, 9 Aug. 1975)Soviet composer. He wrote three ballet scores: The Golden Age (chor. Kaplan, Vainonen, Tchesnakov, and Jacobson, 1930), The Bolt (chor. ...
Don Juan

Don Juan  

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Literature
According to a Spanish story apparently first dramatized by Gabriel Téllez (who wrote under the name ‘Tirso da Molina’) in El burlador de Sevilla, and subsequently by Molière in Le Festin de pierre ...
Edmund Dulac

Edmund Dulac  

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Literature
(b Toulouse, 22 Oct. 1882; d London, 25 May 1953).French-born illustrator, designer, painter, and sculptor who settled in England in 1905 and became a British citizen in 1912. Dulac is best known as ...
Eimuntas Nekros̆ius

Eimuntas Nekros̆ius  

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(1952– )Lithuanian director. Nekro˘ius trained in Moscow; back in Vilnius he produced Love and Death in Verona (a rock opera based on Romeo and Juliet, 1982) and Aitmatov's A Day ...
Ekaterina Semyonova

Ekaterina Semyonova  

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(1786–1849)Russian actress. Semyonova rose from rags to riches to become one of the finest tragic actresses of her day. Blessed with a powerful temperament, she starred in plays by ...
Elaine Feinstein

Elaine Feinstein  

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Literature
(1930– ),novelist, poet, and translator, born in Bootle, Lancashire and educated at Newnham College, Cambridge. Her novels, which include The Circle (1970), Children of the Rose (1975), and The ...
Emil Frantis̆ek Burian

Emil Frantis̆ek Burian  

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(b Pilsen, 1904; d Prague, 1959).Cz. composer and actor. Founded Voice Band, 1927. In 1932 formed left‐wing cultural group Levá Fronta. Sometime dir., Brno Nat. Th. Comps. incl. operas, jazz opera, 8 ...
Fountain of Bakhchisarai

Fountain of Bakhchisarai  

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(orig. Russ. title Bakhchisaraisky fontan)Ballet in four acts with choreography by Zakharov, libretto by N. Volkov, music by Asafiev, and design by Khodasevich. Premiered 28 Sept. 1934 by GATOB in ...
František Tröster

František Tröster  

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(1904–68)Czech designer, architect, and teacher. After study in Prague and Paris, he began his career in the early 1930s in Prague and Bratislava. His work matured in collaboration with ...
Ivan Bilibin

Ivan Bilibin  

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 (1876–1942) Russian graphic artist, painter, and theatre designer.He studied at the Academy in St Petersburg under Repin, joined and then exhibited with the World of Art movement (1900–1917). His ...
Kalle Holmberg

Kalle Holmberg  

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(1939– )Finnish director. At the Turku City Theatre (1971–7) with Ralf Långbacka, he triumphantly directed classic texts, including an adaptation of Aleksis Kivi's novel The Seven Brothers. In the ...
Maly Theatre

Maly Theatre  

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Moscow. This theatre (maly, small, as opposed to bolshoi, big) opened in 1824 with a company which had been in existence since 1806. It is the oldest theatre in the ...
Mikhail Bulgakov

Mikhail Bulgakov  

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(1891–1940)Russian writer, born in Kiev. After the Civil War (he served as a doctor on the White side) Bulgakov was drawn to the Moscow Art Theatre under Stanislavsky, adapting ...
Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka

Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka  

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Music
(b Novospasskoye [now Glinka], nr Smolensk, 20 May/1 June 1804; d Berlin, 15 Feb 1857).Russian composer. He was born into a noble family, the income from his estate obviating ...

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