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Adar

Adar  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(), name of Assyrian–Babylonian origin for the twelfth month of the religious year, sixth of the civil year. Its zodiacal sign is Pisces. The feast of Purim, which falls on ...
Adloyada

Adloyada  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(Heb.).Purim carnival. The expression derives from the Hebrew ʿad de-lo-yadaʿ (until one no longer knows). According to the rabbis, participants should celebrate on Purim until they no longer know ...
Ahasuerus

Ahasuerus  

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Religion
Name given in the Hebrew scriptures to the Emperor Xerxes, husband of Esther. Ahasuerus is also the name of a king in the Book of Daniel, and is traditionally the name of the Wandering Jew.
ʿal Ha-Nissim

ʿal Ha-Nissim  

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Religion
(; [We Thank You] for the Miracles), addition inserted into the ʿAmidah and Birkat ha-Mazon on the festivals of Purim and Ḥanukkah. After the initial formula, a brief account of ...
Attah Har’eta La-Daʿat

Attah Har’eta La-Daʿat  

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Religion
(; “It has been clearly shown to you [that the Lord, he is God …”]), phrase introducing the biblical verses chanted responsively before all Torah scrolls are removed from the ...
Book of Esther

Book of Esther  

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Religion
This relates how Esther, a Jewess, obtained a position of influence as the consort of Xerxes I, king of Persia (486–465 bc, here called ‘Ahasuerus’) and used it to save her fellow-countrymen when ...
Calendar

Calendar  

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Religion
The Jewish religious year with its feasts and fasts. Whatever its origins (the question of which is extremely complicated) the Jewish calendar, from at least the beginning of the present era, was a ...
drunkenness

drunkenness  

Intoxication resulting from imbibing an excess of alcohol. It is an offence contrary to s 12 of the Licensing Act 1872 to be drunk in a public place.
Esther

Esther  

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Religion
In the Bible, a Jewish woman chosen on account of her beauty by the Persian king Ahasuerus (generally supposed to be Xerxes I) to be his queen. She used her influence with him to save her kinsman ...
Esther scroll

Esther scroll  

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Religion
(Heb. Megillah)A MS scroll of the Book of Esther, designed for use each spring on Purim, the celebration re-enacting the rejoicing of Jews saved from destruction. The rules for ...
Fast Days

Fast Days  

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Religion
The days in the Jewish calendar set aside for fasting by the whole community. In addition to the major fasts of Yom Kippur and the Ninth of Av, there are three minor fasts commemorating events ...
Fast of Esther

Fast of Esther  

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Religion
Minor fastday held on 13 Adar, the day before Purim, so called because it is stated in the book of Esther that Esther and her people fasted in order to avert Haman's decree. The fast is not mentioned ...
festival cycle customs, Jewish

festival cycle customs, Jewish  

Most Jewish festivals are characterized by rejoicing, special liturgies, and additional ceremonies specific to each festival. Liturgy includes blessings, prayers, and piyyutim (Jewish liturgical ...
festivals

festivals  

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Religion
[MedL festivalis].Four days on the Celtic calendar were occasions for mainline festivals: Samain (November), Imbolc (February), Beltaine (May), and Lughnasa (August). See also FAIR; FÉIL; FEIS.
Food Customs

Food Customs  

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Religion
Jewish culinary traditions date back three thousand years. They are based on the dietary laws and on ingredients available in the countries in which Jews lived. Considerable differences emerged ...
Ḥaggim

Ḥaggim  

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Religion
(; festivals). The Torah enumerates five festivals to be observed in the course of the year: the Shalosh Regalim (the pilgrim festivals of Pesaḥ, Shavuʿot, and Sukkot), the “day of ...
Hallel

Hallel  

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Religion
A portion of the service for certain Jewish festivals, consisting of Psalms 113–118. The word comes from Hebrew hallēl ‘praise’.
Haman

Haman  

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Religion
In the Bible, the chief minister of Ahasuerus, who plotted a massacre of the Jews and was hanged on the gallows he prepared for the Mordecai (Esther 7:10); the gallows was said to be fifty cubits ...
Megillah

Megillah  

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A book of the Hebrew scriptures (the Song of Solomon, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, and Esther) appointed to be read on certain Jewish notable days, especially the Book of Esther, read at the ...
Mordecai

Mordecai  

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Subject:
Religion
In the Bible, the cousin of Esther who is taken into favour by the king after the execution of his enemy Haman, the previously favoured counsellor. In the biblical story (Esther 5:13) Haman's hatred ...

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