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Africa — history

Africa — history  

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Overview Page
Some of the earliest evidence of medical practice comes from Africa. The Egyptians were well known, over 5000 years ago, for their advanced knowledge of medicine. Relics from the time ...
AIDS

AIDS  

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The immunodeficiency (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) caused by infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Opportunistic infections are likely to occur, tuberculosis being an increasing ...
Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease  

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The most common form of dementia, occurring in middle age or later. It is characterized by memory impairment and, as the disease progresses, language difficulties, apraxia, and visuospatial problems. ...
Centers for Disease Control.

Centers for Disease Control.  

(CDC)The US federal government facility based mainly in Atlanta, Georgia, that provides investigative and educational facilities in most branches of public health sciences, serving the United States ...
child welfare

child welfare  

During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, a range of socio-economic changes, including a decline in family size, the growth of industry, urbanization, immigration, and the expansion of public ...
cholera

cholera  

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n. an acute infection of the small intestine by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, which causes severe vomiting and diarrhoea (known as ricewater stools) leading to dehydration. The disease is contracted ...
Christmas stories

Christmas stories  

Collective title of stories, sketches, and essays written by Dickens for Christmas numbers of Household Words (1850–8) and All the Year Round (1859–67), in a few cases in collaboration with Wilkie ...
community health

community health  

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Preventive services, mainly outside the hospital, involving the surveillance of special groups of the population, such as preschool and school children, women, and the elderly, by means of routine ...
community medicine

community medicine  

The study of health and disease in a community that is considered as an entity, and the provision and evaluation of the health services of that community. One of several terms that came into vogue ...
contaminated land

contaminated land  

Land burdened with hazardous waste or contaminants dangerous to human health. Generally requires site investigation and remediation. Contaminated land legislation is administered by state ...
coroner

coroner  

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Subject:
History
n. the official who presides at an inquest. He or she must be either a medical practitioner or a lawyer of at least five years’ standing.
county council

county council  

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History
A local authority whose area is a county. A county council has certain exclusive responsibilities (e.g. education, fire services, highways, and refuse disposal) and shares others (e.g. recreation, ...
Dickens circle

Dickens circle  

Dickens's friends and acquaintances were numerous and various. Nationally famous in his mid-twenties, soon world-famous, he inevitably attracted attention and, though some friendships survived from ...
diphtheria

diphtheria  

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n. an acute highly contagious infection, caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae, generally affecting the throat but occasionally other mucous membranes and the skin. The disease is ...
disease

disease  

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Subject:
History
Any illness or abnormal condition of the body with a specific cause (which may or may not be known), excluding physical trauma, that has recognizable signs and symptoms.
dysentery

dysentery  

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A severe diarrhoea caused by infection of the gut with Shigella dysenteriae, Shigella flexneri, Shigella boydii, or Shigella sonnei (shigellosis or bacillary dysentery) or with Entamoeba histolytica ...
Ellis Island

Ellis Island  

An island in New York Bay off Manhattan Island. Long used as an arsenal and a fort, from 1892 until 1943 it served as the main US centre for immigration control. From 1943 until 1954 it was a ...
environmental civil liability

environmental civil liability  

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Subject:
Law
Environmental liability is about who has to pay when damage to the environment occurs or is imminently threatened. In some circumstances, immediate responsibility to prevent, contain, or remedy the ...
Environmental Protection Agency

Environmental Protection Agency  

(EPA)The federal agency in the USA that was created in 1970 and is responsible for efforts to protect human health and to control air and water pollution, radiation and pesticide hazards, ecological ...
epidemic

epidemic  

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n. a sudden outbreak of infectious disease that spreads rapidly through the population, affecting a large proportion of people. The commonest epidemics today are of influenza. Compare endemic, ...

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