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prytaneis

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boulē

boulē  

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Council of 500 at Athens. See democracy, Athenian, §§2 and 3.
ekklēsia

ekklēsia  

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Democratic assembly at Athens. See democracy, Athenian, §§2 and 3.
epistatēs

epistatēs  

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‘chairman’ (Greek). At Athens the epistatēs of the prytaneis, chosen daily by lot from the prytaneis, held the state seal and keys and in the 5th cent. bc with his ...
grammateis

grammateis  

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Secretaries, of various kinds; generally not responsible magistrates, though like them appointed for a year only, by election or by lot. In Athens the principal secretary, responsible for publishing ...
Greek calendar

Greek calendar  

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There was no single Greek calendar. Almost every Greek community had a calendar of its own, differing from others in the names of the months and the date of the New Year. All were, at least ...
logistai

logistai  

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(λογισταί) in Athens in the 5th and 4th cents. bc were public auditors. Three distinct bodies with this title are known:1. n the 5th cent. 30 logistai supervised payments to ...
naukrariai

naukrariai  

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Early divisions of the population of Attica. The name used regularly to be derived from naukraros as ‘ship-chief’, implying a connection with the Athenian navy, and although alternatives have been ...
ostracism

ostracism  

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In Athens in the 5th cent. bc was a way to exile a citizen for ten years. Each year in the sixth prytany (see prytaneis) the question whether an ostracism should be held that year was put to the ...
Posidonius

Posidonius  

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[Na]Philosopher and historian, born c.135 bc in Apamea, Syria, but afterwards settling in Rhodes. His principal work, a History, occupied 52 books but is no longer extant. Fragments do, however, ...
probouloi

probouloi  

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(πρόβουλοι) was a name used for officials in various Greek states. In Athens probouloi were appointed in 413 bc. They were ten men over 40 years of age, including Sophocles ...
proedroi

proedroi  

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(πρόεδροι) were chairmen. In the 5th cent. bc in Athens the chairman at meetings of the boulē and ekklēsia was the foreman of the prytaneis; but later, probably from 403/2 ...
prytaneion

prytaneion  

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[MC]A Greek town hall in which a fire was always kept burning on the altar of Hestia as a sign of the city's continuity with its past.
Socrates

Socrates  

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(469–399 bc),ancient Athenian philosopher. As represented in the writings of his disciple Plato, he engaged in dialogue with others in an attempt to reach understanding and ethical concepts by ...
sortition

sortition  

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Selection by lot, a method of appointing officials in Greek city‐states, esp. in democracies (see democracy, both entries). It was based on the idea of equality and reduced outside influence. Little ...
stratēgoi

stratēgoi  

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Was the ordinary term for military commanders in Greece, but in Athens in the 5th cent. bc strategoi had political as well as military importance. Little is known of the number and method of ...
tholos

tholos  

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1 Circular building with a conical, domed, or vaulted roof, e.g. a circular tomb roofed with a pseudo-dome of corbelled rings, such as the ‘Treasury of Atreus’, Mycenae (c.1300 bc).2 Ancient Greek ...

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