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Adkins v. Children's Hospital

Adkins v. Children's Hospital  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(1923).During the early twentieth century, Progressives sought to ameliorate the consequences of industrialization by enacting minimum wage laws. Conservatives and business groups challenged these ...
Alfred Emanuel Smith

Alfred Emanuel Smith  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b. New York, 30 Dec. 1873; d. New York, 4 Oct. 1944)US; Governor of New York Smith was the first Roman Catholic to be nominated for the US presidency by a major political party. He was born and ...
antitrust

antitrust  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
This is the American term for competition law. The basic provision of US antitrust is the Sherman Act of 1890. Section 1 states: ‘Every contract, combination in the form of ...
Armory Show

Armory Show  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An art exhibition (officially entitled the International Exhibition of Modern Art) held in New York, 17 February–15 March 1913, at the Armory of the National Guard's Sixty-Ninth Regiment, Lexington ...
Baby and Child Care

Baby and Child Care  

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Overview Page
The paediatrician Benjamin Spock’s Commonsense Book of Baby and Child Care was first published by Pocket Books in 1946. In the same year, the 25c. paperback edition was published as ...
Ballinger-Pinchot Controversy.

Ballinger-Pinchot Controversy.  

The main actors in this bitter Progressive Era dispute over the future of conservation policy during the presidency of William Howard Taft (1909–1913) were Secretary of the Interior Richard A. ...
banking and finance

banking and finance  

Encouraged by Alexander Hamilton, Robert Morris persuaded the Continental Congress to charter the Bank of North America in 1781. It lent money to the cash-strapped Revolutionary government as well as ...
Billy Sunday

Billy Sunday  

(1862–1935), evangelist.William Ashley Sunday was born in Ames, Iowa. His youth was marked by poverty and intermittent education. A gifted athlete, Sunday in 1883 joined the Chicago White Stockings ...
birth control

birth control  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Any method that is used to reduce births, including celibacy, delayed marriage, contraception, and sterilization. See also family planning.
Brownsville raid

Brownsville raid  

An acrimonious civilian-military conflict reached into the halls of Congress and the White House when residents of Brownsville, Texas, accused the all-black First Battalion, Twenty-fifth Infantry, of ...
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace  

The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace was founded in 1910 using funding provided by the industrialist Andrew Carnegie. It was established as a private, nonprofit organization with the goal ...
Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching

Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching  

Created by Andrew Carnegie in 1905.Its board chose Henry Pritchett as the first president. The foundation's immediate purpose was to provide pensions for college faculty members. But Pritchett, ...
Charles Beard

Charles Beard  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1874–1948),historian and educator, after graduating from DePauw University (1898) attended Oxford, where he founded Ruskin College (1899) to train labor leaders, and became professor of political ...
Charles Evans Hughes

Charles Evans Hughes  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(b. Glen Falls, New York, 11 Apr. 1862; d. Osterville, Massachusetts, 27 Aug. 1948)US; Governor of New York 1906–10, Republican presidential candidate 1916 Hughes, the son of a Baptist preacher, was ...
Charlotte Perkins Gilman

Charlotte Perkins Gilman  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1860–1935)Writer and feminist, born in Connecticut. Her father abandoned the family and, unable to support themselves, they were helped by aunts, one of whom, on the father's side, was ...
Chautauqua Movement

Chautauqua Movement  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An outgrowth of the lyceum movement, originated at Lake Chautauqua, N.Y., where annual Methodist Episcopal camp meetings had been held until they were reorganized (1874) as assemblies for religious ...
child Labor

child Labor  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A combination of the idea of childhood as an age of innocence and nurture and the need for a more numerate and literate workforce has led to legislative restrictions on ...
City Planning.

City Planning.  

City planning arose early in American life. European colonizers designed St. Augustine (Spain, 1565), New Amsterdam (Holland, 1625–1626), Williamsburg (England, 1699), and New Orleans (France, 1722) ...
Civil Service Reform.

Civil Service Reform.  

Early nineteenth-century Americans, with the widest suffrage in the world and many offices to be filled by election, invented mass-based political parties to nominate and elect candidates. Since ...
conservation Movement.

conservation Movement.  

Launched in 1908 as a national crusade, the conservation movement involved the wide range of concerns later embraced by the environmental movement. Its intellectual origins date to the western land ...

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