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absolutism

absolutism  

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Overview Page
A state-form typical of societies in the process of transition from feudalism to capitalism and in which power is concentrated in the person of a monarch, who has at his or her disposal a centralized ...
Act of Settlement

Act of Settlement  

A statute of 1701 that vested the British Crown in Sophia of Hanover (granddaughter of James I of England and VI of Scotland) and her Protestant heirs, so excluding Roman Catholics, including the ...
Anderson v Gorrie

Anderson v Gorrie  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(1895)By the early 1890s British judges had erected an almost impregnable barrier to protect themselves from lawsuits brought by litigants disgruntled by judges' actions or (more often) by words ...
appeal

appeal  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
All jurisdictions, federal and state, generally make appellate review for correctness from the civil or criminal judgments of trial courts available in some form. Most states and the federal system ...
Australia Acts

Australia Acts  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Two substantially identical Acts passed in 1986 by the Australian and UK Parliaments, preceded by enabling legislation in the Australian states. The Acts terminated the power of the UK Parliament ...
book of entries

book of entries  

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Overview Page
The term ‘book of entries’ can be applied to various types of registers, ledgers, and memorandum books that record on a regular or day-to-day basis official business or proceedings of ...
British–Australian relations

British–Australian relations  

Were at first more than relations because Britain's assertions of sovereignty over the eastern half of the continent in 1788, and over the rest of the country in 1824, 1829 ...
cabinet

cabinet  

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Overview Page
The term was first used in the early 17th century for the private room in which confidential advisers of the sovereign or chief ministers of a country meet; the current sense of a committee of senior ...
case of gavelkind

case of gavelkind  

A special ruling by the Irish judges in 1606, recorded by Sir John Davies's Reports (1615). This abolished partible inheritance (gavelkind) in Gaelic districts. Hitherto, all lands, except those ...
Castle Chamber

Castle Chamber  

This prerogative court, modelled on the English Star Chamber, reflected an early modern concern for social control as well as the centralizing power of the state. An intention to separate ...
Catholic emancipation

Catholic emancipation  

Was achieved by an Act of Parliament of 1829, enabling Roman catholics in Britain to participate fully in public life by abolishing the Test and Corporation Acts. O'Connell's electoral success in the ...
chancellor

chancellor  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
In the C of E, the diocesan chancellor is a professional lawyer who is the chief representative of the bishop in the administration of the temporal affairs of his diocese. Diocesan chancellors are ...
colonial administration and law

colonial administration and law  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Sir William Blackstone and Lord Mansfield sought to reduce colonial governance and law in the eighteenth‐century British Empire to a formal pattern of order by distinguishing conquered and ceded ...
common law in the colonies

common law in the colonies  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
How did the common law spread from England to its colonies, and what shape did it take once it reached there? The answer is not generally found in imperial (ie ...
Commonwealth

Commonwealth  

The term ‘Imperial Commonwealth’ was first used formally during the First World War to refer collectively to Britain and the self-governing dominions of the British Empire. After the war, Canada ...
concealed lands

concealed lands  

Were lands illegally detained from the crown after leases lapsed, rebels were forfeited, and monasteries dissolved. English‐run attempts to resume these lands in Ireland were exploited by ...
corporate personality

corporate personality  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The essential attribute of corporate personality is that on incorporation the company becomes a legal person distinct from its members (shareholders). As a result the company can sue and be ...
council

council  

The king's council in Ireland was constituted following the Anglo‐Norman conquest. A separate institution from the council following the king, it was charged with advising him and, more immediately, ...
court

court  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
N.1 A body established by law for the administration of justice by judges or magistrates.2 A hall or building in which a court is held.3 a. The residence of a sovereign. b. The sovereign and her (or ...
Court of Session

Court of Session  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A Scottish court corresponding to the Supreme Court of Judicature in England and Wales. It consists of an Outer House (corresponding to the High Court) and an Inner House (corresponding to the Court ...

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