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anonymity

anonymity  

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Overview Page
[Greek ‘nameless’]A state where a person's name or other identifying characteristics are not known. A characteristic of internet communication of the kind that takes place in online forums such as ...
Authorship

Authorship  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
For more than two centuries “authorship” has been conceived by American readers in Romantic terms—that is, as the creation, by a stable and individual consciousness, of an original idea or ...
Cabinets de lecture

Cabinets de lecture  

In the eighteenth century, literary societies (cabinets de lecture, Lesegesellschaften) occupied a central position in several crucial social developments. In countries where the traditional social ...
Charles-Joseph Panckoucke

Charles-Joseph Panckoucke  

 (1736–98) French publisher and bookseller.Beginning his career in Lille, where his father was a printer and publisher, he moved to Paris in 1762, soon becoming the wealthiest and most ...
Chrétien-Guillaume de Lamoignon de Malesherbes

Chrétien-Guillaume de Lamoignon de Malesherbes  

(1721–1794), French administrator, royal minister, and Louis XVI's lawyer during the Revolution. Born into an important noble family of jurists who served in the parlement of Paris, Malesherbes was ...
ephemera

ephemera  

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Things that exist or are used or enjoyed for only a short time; items of collectable memorabilia, typically written or printed ones, that were originally expected to have only short-term usefulness ...
Friedrich Nicolai

Friedrich Nicolai  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
 (1733–1811) German writer, publisher, and bookseller.Taking over his father’s bookshop (1758), he began publishing primarily Prussian works and non-fiction. In close contact with Moses Mendelssohn ...
Geneva

Geneva  

A city in Switzerland, noted in the 17th century for its Protestantism.Geneva bands two white cloth strips attached to the collar of some Protestants' clerical dress, as originally worn by Calvinists ...
George Howe

George Howe  

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 (1769–1821) Australian printer and publisher.Born in the West Indies, Howe worked on the London Times before being convicted of shoplifting and transported to New South Wales in 1800. Appointed ...
Lars Salvius

Lars Salvius  

 (1706–73) Printer, publisher, bookseller, and reformer of the Swedish book market.A printer in Stockholm from 1742, he considerably raised typographical standards. As a driving force behind the ...
manuscript culture

manuscript culture  

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The broad culture and history surrounding the production, circulation, commerce, and consumption of scribal and handwritten texts. It is closely related to the scholarly practices of codicology, ...
Nikolai Ivanovich Novikov

Nikolai Ivanovich Novikov  

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 (1744–1818) Russian writer, journalist, and publisher.Novikov initiated several periodicals, including Russia’s first bibliographical journal. He also organized the book trade in sixteen towns, and ...
Oliver Goldsmith

Oliver Goldsmith  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(?1730–74),the second son of an Anglo‐Irish clergyman, educated at Trinity College, Dublin. He presented himself for ordination, was rejected, and went to Edinburgh, where he studied medicine. He ...
Pamphlets

Pamphlets  

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One or more printed sheets, stabbed or sewn together, containing a single essay, treatise, exposition, or other matter too short to make a book. From Lat. Pamphilus, the title of ...
popularization

popularization  

To speak of the popularization of the Enlightenment implies first, the interlocking of sets of ideas, attitudes, and values that can be identified as characteristic of the Enlightenment, and then ...
Prosper Marchand

Prosper Marchand  

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 (1678–1756) Huguenot publisher and journalist.A bookseller and publisher in Paris from 1698, he was forced to flee to Holland in 1709 following his conversion to Calvinism. In The Hague ...
Publishing History

Publishing History  

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Overview Page
Scholarly journal devoted to the social, economic, and literary history of book and periodical publishing. Established in the UK in 1977, it covers a broad range of print culture topics ...
reading

reading  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The process of making sense of a text. While the term ‘reading’ appears to be graphocentric and logocentric beyond its application to written verbal texts, it is applied more broadly in semiotics to ...
Representations of Reading

Representations of Reading  

In the Encyclopédie of Denis Diderot and Jean le Rond d'Alembert, two entries by Louis Jaucourt define the reader and reading. The article “Lecteur,” after a neutral definition of a ...

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