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Miguel Primo de Rivera

(1870—1930) Spanish general and statesman

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Alfonso XIII

Alfonso XIII  

(1886–1941)King of Spain (1886–1931). Alfonso ruled under the regency of his mother until 1902, during which time Spain lost her colonial possessions in the Philippines and Cuba to the USA. In 1923 ...
Communist Party

Communist Party  

Founded in 1921, it attempted to raise the class consciousness of the White proletariat before accepting Moscow's orders to work for the establishment of a multi‐racial ‘native’ republic by 1931. Its ...
Dolores Ibarruri

Dolores Ibarruri  

(b. 9 Dec. 1895, d. 12 Nov. 1989).Spanish Communist Born in Gallarta, she was raised in a poor mining family, and took work as a seamstress and cook. After marrying the socialist Julian Ruiz in 1915 ...
Falange

Falange  

A Spanish political party, the Falange Española. Founded in 1933 by José António Primo de Rivera, the son of General Primo de Rivera, its members were equally opposed to the reactionary Right and the ...
Francisco Largo Caballero

Francisco Largo Caballero  

(b. 15 Oct. 1869, d. 23 Mar. 1946).Prime Minister of the Spanish Republic 1936–7 Born in Madrid, he was forced to leave school and work at the age of 7, eventually becoming a plasterer. Owing to his ...
Manuel Azaña y Díaz

Manuel Azaña y Díaz  

(b. 10 Jan. 1880, d. 3 Nov. 1940).President of Spain 1936–9 Born in Alcalá de Henares, he graduated with a doctorate in jurisprudence from the University of Madrid in 1900. After working in the ...
Niceto Alcalá Zamora y Torres

Niceto Alcalá Zamora y Torres  

(b. 6 July 1877, d. 18 Feb. 1949).President of Spain 1931–6 Born in Priego de Córdoba, he became a lawyer and an active Liberal. In 1917, he became Minister for Development, and, in 1922, Minister of ...
Socialist Workers' Party of Spain

Socialist Workers' Party of Spain  

(Partido Social Obrero Español, PSOE)Early history (up to 1960s)Established on 2 May 1879, it experienced slow growth in a country that was still barely industrialized and urbanized. Where there was ...
Spain

Spain  

Spain is now accommodating its dissident regions and making rapid economic stridesSpain, Western Europe's second largest country, is dominated by the Meseta, the vast and often barren central plain ...
Spanish Civil War

Spanish Civil War  

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(1936–39)A military struggle between left- and right-wing elements in Spain. After the fall of Primo de Rivera in 1930 and the eclipse of the Spanish monarchy in 1931, Spain was split. On the one ...

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