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Africa

Africa  

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IntroductionIt is almost impossible to talk about a unified history of photography in Africa, as there have been so many cultural responses to the medium, and so many national ...
album

album  

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A bound and mounted collection of drawings, prints, or photographs. The word is sometimes included in the nomenclature for an otherwise unidentified artist who is associated with a particular album, ...
Australia

Australia  

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That Australia is the world's driest continent has influenced the nature of its earliest photography. Its first recorded photograph was a daguerreotype of Sydney taken in 1841 by a certain ...
Austria

Austria  

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The country's principal contributions to the history of photography were made in the 19th and early 20th centuries, after which, for a long time, it became something of a backwater. ...
Baron Wilhelm von Gloeden

Baron Wilhelm von Gloeden  

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(1856–1931), German photographerfamous for nude studies of Sicilian peasant boys. During the 19th century, many northern European homosexuals visited the South, drawn by its reputation for looser ...
camera

camera  

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1. Any equipment used to photographically record images. The name for a number of devices that use lenses and apertures to photograph either a single still image or a series of still images captured ...
celebrity photography

celebrity photography  

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The idea of using photography to disseminate images of famous men and women is as old as the medium itself. From the rise of the daguerreotype in the 1840s, astute ...
dating old photographs

dating old photographs  

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Recognition of process or format gives the first indication of a photograph's date. Sometimes the possible time‐span is very broad: cartes de visite, for example, were produced for over 40 ...
Detroit Publishing Company

Detroit Publishing Company  

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Founded in 1895 as the Photochrom Company by the photographer Edwin Husher with backing from the Detroit financier Rudolph Demme and Colonel H. Wild of Zurich. Demme and Wild withdrew ...
economic and social aspects of photographic innovation

economic and social aspects of photographic innovation  

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Photography arrived at an economically inauspicious moment: in the autumn of 1839, the USA, Britain, and Europe suffered a sharp recession that lasted until 1843. In Britain and France, economic ...
Emil Mayer

Emil Mayer  

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(1871–1938), Austrian lawyer, amateur photographer and inventor.A prominent member of imperial Vienna's pictorialist photographic scene, he became president of the Amateur Photographers' Club (1907) ...
Eugène Atget

Eugène Atget  

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(1856–1927)French photographer, whose studies of Paris and Parisians are now widely acclaimed.Atget was born in Bordeaux into a bourgeois family but, orphaned young, was brought up by an uncle – a ...
formats, plate and film

formats, plate and film  

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PlatesBefore about 1920 almost all photographic prints were contact prints. Enlargers did exist, but most print materials required a long exposure to daylight to produce an image. Although film ...
futurism

futurism  

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Italian avant-garde art movement, launched in 1909, that exalted the dynamism of the modern world; it was literary in origin, but most of its major exponents were painters, and it also embraced ...
gay and lesbian photography

gay and lesbian photography  

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Can be conveniently defined as photography, not necessarily sexual in content, relating to or tending to promote the identity and concerns of the homosexual community. For practical reasons, and ...
Germany

Germany  

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The older literature tended to depict Germany—i.e. the territories eventually forming the German Empire in 1871—  as one of the cradles of early photography. Probably early in 1839, in fact ...
Highland

Highland  

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An administrative region of Scotland, created in 1973 from the counties of Caithness, Nairn, Sutherland, Inverness (except the Outer Hebrides), Ross and Cromarty (except Lewis), and a northern part ...
Indian subcontinent

Indian subcontinent  

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1839–1900While photography reached South Asia swiftly following the public announcement of Daguerre's process in 1839, surviving work from the first decade of the medium's public existence remains ...
Indochina

Indochina  

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The peninsula of southeast Asia containing Burna (Myanamar), Thailand, Malaya, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam; especially, the part of this area consisting of Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam, which was a ...
Ireland's

Ireland's  

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Earliest photographer was Francis Stewart Beatty, a Belfast engraver, in September 1839. Its first commercial studio opened in Dublin's Rotunda building in 1841 and was soon joined by those of ...

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