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ala

ala  

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(pl. alae).1 Rectangular room on each side of the main cella of an Etruscan temple, each with its own door, approached from a deep portico.2 Small room or alcove on each side of a vestibule or atrium ...
Alessandro Maria Gaetano Galilei

Alessandro Maria Gaetano Galilei  

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(1691–1737).One of a number of gifted Italian architects active in the first half of C18 whose work moved away from Baroque towards Neo-Classicism. He arrived in the British Isles as the chosen ...
Alexander Jackson Davis

Alexander Jackson Davis  

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(1803–92).American architect, one of the most imaginative of his generation. His first important design was Highwood, a house at New Haven, CT. (1829–31), which brought him recognition, and, as a ...
Alexander Thomson

Alexander Thomson  

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 (1817–75) Scottish architect.The brightest of Scotland’s Victorian constellation of classical designers, Thomson was Scotland’s equivalent to the impassioned and individualistic English Gothic ...
Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart

Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart  

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 (1739–1813) French neoclassical architect.He worked from 1765 in Paris primarily on private commissions, notably the Hôtels de Monaco (1774), Condé (1781), and Masseran (1787), in which he promoted ...
Ammi B. Young

Ammi B. Young  

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(1798–1874).American architect. His early work was in a restrained Federal style, but his Vermont State House, Montpelier (1833–6), with a Greek Doric portico and a low Pantheon-like dome ...
Andrea Palladio

Andrea Palladio  

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(1508–80).One of the most gifted, professional, and intelligent of architects working in Italy in C16, whose work provided the models for the Palladian style (Palladianism) and had a profound effect ...
angle-capital

angle-capital  

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Capital at the corner of a colonnade or portico. In the Ionic Order the front and side of a normal capital differ, so to obtain volutes on both sides of the corner the volutes at the external angle ...
angular capital

angular capital  

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Type of Ionic ‘diagonal’ capital, with four identical faces and therefore eight volutes, supposedly an abuse invented by Scamozzi, and known as the Modern or Scamozzian Ionic Order. Thus, if it is ...
anta

anta  

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A pilaster terminating the wall of a building, whose base and capital may not conform with the order used elsewhere on the building.At first placed at the ends of ...
anticum

anticum  

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1 Latin equivalent of pronaos, the space between the front of the cella and the colonnade of a portico.2 Gate or a front door, or a variety of porch in front of a main door.3 Temple-front.4 Anta, but ...
apteral

apteral  

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1 Adjective describing a Classical temple with a portico at one or both ends, with no flanking colonnades.2 Said of a church without aisles, and especially of a liturgical west front with a gabled ...
base

base  

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[from the Greek basis, ‘that on which one stands’]The lower portion of any structure or architectural feature. Also the lower part of an heraldic shield. See chief.
Bernardo Rossellino

Bernardo Rossellino  

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(b Settignano, nr. Florence, c.1409; d Florence, 23 Sept. 1464) and(b Settignano, c.1427; d Florence, 1479).Florentine sculptors, brothers. The family name was Gambarelli, but Antonio's nickname ...
Burlington, Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of

Burlington, Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of  

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 (1694–1753) English architect.Burlington, a landed aristocrat and courtier, took an unusually practical interest in architecture, becoming more than an influential protagonist of Palladianism and ...
Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus, Quintus

Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus, Quintus  

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(RE 94)son of Q. Caecilius Metellus, fought under L. Aemilius Paullus (2) and was on an embassy sent to announce the victory of Pydna to the senate. He was ...
Carlo Francesco Barabino

Carlo Francesco Barabino  

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(1768–1835).Italian Neo-Classical architect, who became City Architect of Genoa in 1818. His Teatro Carlo Felice, Genoa (1825–32), is an important early example of the Greek Doric Revival in Italy. ...
catacomb

catacomb  

[MC]An underground cemetery comprising a complex of passageways, burial niches, and recessed chambers cut into the living rock. Established during imperial times in Rome, the catacombs later came to ...
Christian Frederik Hansen

Christian Frederik Hansen  

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(1756–1845).Leading architect of the Greek Revival in Denmark. Trained under Harsdorff, he assisted the latter at Frederik V's Chapel (which he eventually completed 1821–5), Roskilde Cathedral, ...
Chrystian Piotr Aigner

Chrystian Piotr Aigner  

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(1756–1841).One of the leading architects and theorists of Polish Neo-Classicism, he designed the façade of the Church of St Anna, Warsaw (1786), the Marynka Palace at Puławy (1790), and the Garden ...

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