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Karl Popper

(1902—1994) philosopher

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Arthur Norman Prior

Arthur Norman Prior  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1914–69).New Zealand-born philosopher who taught at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the University of Manchester before becoming a Fellow of Balliol College, Oxford. He first gained ...
Baconianism

Baconianism  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
Baconianism is a philosophical framework that derives from the thought of the seventeenth-century scholar Francis Bacon. Baconianism is not characterized by adherence to specific scientific theories, ...
Bryan Magee

Bryan Magee  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1930–)Bryan Magee was born on 12 April 1930 of working-class parents in Hoxton. During World War II he served in the Army Intelligence Corp. After demobilization he obtained a ...
Carneades

Carneades  

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(c.214–129 bc)The most prominent member of the later Academy after Arcesilaus. Carneades was a distinguished sceptic, famous (especially through the report by Cicero) for impressive speeches at Rome ...
corroboration

corroboration  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.Evidence that confirms the accuracy of other evidence “in a material particular”. In general, English law does not normally require corroboration and any fact may be proved by a single item of ...
Czesław Lejewski

Czesław Lejewski  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1913–2001)Czesław Lejewski was born in Minsk in the Russian Empire on 14 April 1913 and died in Doncaster after a long illness on 9 July 2001. In 1920 his ...
demarcation problem

demarcation problem  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The problem of defining a line separating genuine science, thought of as properly responsive to evidence and experiment, from pseudo science, which is not. See falsifiability, Popper.
Dorothy Maud Wrinch

Dorothy Maud Wrinch  

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(1894–1976)Dorothy Maud Wrinch was born in Rosario, Argentina on 13 September 1894 and died in Falmouth, Massachusetts on 11 February 1976. Daughter of Ada Souter and the British engineer ...
Elie Georges Zahar

Elie Georges Zahar  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1937–)Elie G. Zahar was born in Beirut on 15 September 1937. He graduated in mathematics from Cambridge University in 1960, and was awarded a PhD in logic and scientific ...
epistemology

epistemology  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(Greek, epistēmē, knowledge)The theory of knowledge. Its central questions include the origin of knowledge; the place of experience in generating knowledge, and the place of reason in doing so; the ...
Ernest Gellner

Ernest Gellner  

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(1925–95)Although Gellner was born in Czechoslovakia, his family (who had Jewish origins) left immediately after the German occupation in 1939, and he spent most of his working life in England. ...
falsifiability

falsifiability  

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A principle on which the advance of science is based, that relies on the process of finding evidence that a scientific finding, belief, or theory is false. It is elucidated in the writings of the ...
falsification

falsification  

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Overview Page
The central notion in the philosophy of science of Popper, although foreshadowed by Whewell and Peirce. In his Logik der Forschung (1934), Popper argued that the central virtue of science, as opposed ...
falsificationism

falsificationism  

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A doctrine associated with the philosopher of science Karl Raimund Popper, which holds that the testing of theories is the means by which science advances. To be testable and thus ...
Frank Cioffi

Frank Cioffi  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1928–)Frank Cioffi was born in the United States, where he completed his education. His first academic appointment was as lecturer in philosophy at the University of Singapore, and he ...
Friedrich August von Hayek

Friedrich August von Hayek  

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(1899–1992)Austrian-born British economist whose free-market theories influenced a political generation and earned him a share in the Nobel Prize for Economics in 1974.Friedrich Hayek, a product of ...
G. W. F. Hegel

G. W. F. Hegel  

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Philosophy
(1770–1831)German philosopher. He is especially known for his three-stage process of dialectical reasoning (set out in his Science of Logic, 1812–16), which underlies his idealist concepts of ...
Gaston Bachelard

Gaston Bachelard  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1884–1962)French philosopher of science, largely self-taught, who from 1940 to 1955 was the professor of history and philosophy of science at the Sorbonne in Paris. Bachelard propounds a view of ...
George Henry Radcliffe Parkinson

George Henry Radcliffe Parkinson  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1923–)Harry Parkinson was born in Tientsin (now Tianjin) on 2 November 1923 of British parentage. He was educated at the Bradford Grammar School (1934–41) and at Wadham College, Oxford ...
historicism

historicism  

[Th]A general and increasingly ambiguous term meaning a number of different things to different people. At its heart, however, is the idea that a society and its culture exist mainly in their dynamic ...

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