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Jackson Pollock

(1912—1956) American painter

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Aaron Siskind

Aaron Siskind  

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(1903–91).Photographer. His bold, graphic, nearly abstract images from the 1940s and 1950s rank as the most important photographic equivalents of abstract expressionism. Although he remained ...
abstract art

abstract art  

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A term which can generally be applied to any non-representational art (most decorative art, for example), but which is more specifically used, from the early 20th century onwards, to describe ...
Abstract Expressionism

Abstract Expressionism  

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The dominant movement in American painting in the late 1940s and 1950s, characterized by a desire to convey powerful emotions through the sensuous qualities of paint, often on canvases of huge size. ...
Action Painting

Action Painting  

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A technique of painting in which paint is dribbled, splashed, and poured over the canvas. Its most famous exponent was the American painter Jackson Pollock (1912–56). The term was first used in 1952 ...
Adolph Gottlieb

Adolph Gottlieb  

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(b New York, 14 Mar. 1903; d East Hampton, Long Island, NY, 4 Mar. 1974).American painter, one of the leading Abstract Expressionists. His early work was Expressionist and in 1935 he was one of the ...
Al Held

Al Held  

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(1928–2005).Painter and printmaker. Known for monumental abstract paintings, Brooklyn-born Alvin Jacob Held left school at sixteen and the next year enlisted for two years in the U.S. Navy. He then ...
Alan Davie

Alan Davie  

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(b Grangemouth, Stirlingshire, 28 Sept. 1920).British painter, graphic artist, poet, musician, silversmith, and jeweller. After service in the army and a short period as a professional jazz musician ...
Albert Pinkham Ryder

Albert Pinkham Ryder  

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(b New Bedford, Mass., 19 Mar. 1847; d Elmhurst, Long Island, NY, 28 Mar. 1917).American painter of imaginative subjects. He lived and worked most of his life as a solitary and dreamer in New York, ...
Alexander Rodchenko

Alexander Rodchenko  

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(1891–1956)A leading avant‐garde designer of the Russian Revolutionary period, Rodchenko was widely known for his Constructivist work across a variety of creative fields including posters, packaging, ...
Alfonso Ossorio

Alfonso Ossorio  

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(1916–90).Painter, assemblage artist, printmaker, and collector. An idiosyncratic artist with roots in surrealism, he contributed to abstract expressionism in the 1950s. Later, he concentrated on ...
Allan Kaprow

Allan Kaprow  

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(b Atlantic City, NJ, 23 Aug. 1927; d Encinitas, California, 5 Apr. 2006).American artist and art theorist, best known as the main creator of happenings. His studies included a period with the ...
all-over painting

all-over painting  

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Term referring to nongeometric abstract paintings featuring relatively uniform surfaces and no obvious references to directional format or traditional structure. Such compositions generally lack ...
American Abstract Artists

American Abstract Artists  

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(AAA)An association of American abstract painters and sculptors formed in New York in 1936 with the aim of promoting their work and fostering public understanding of it. The association held annual ...
Art News

Art News  

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American journal, first published in 1902 as Hyde's Weekly Art News. In 1904 the title changed to American Art News, in 1923 to The Art News, in 1941 to ART News, and in 1969 to ARTnews. On the way ...
Atelier 17

Atelier 17  

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Printmaking workshop founded in Paris in 1927, active in New York between 1940 and 1955. Under British abstract surrealist Stanley William Hayter, its founder and guiding spirit, it spurred a print ...
automatism

automatism  

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A method of painting or drawing in which conscious control is suppressed, allowing the subconscious to take over. André Breton wrote in the Surrealist manifesto of 1924 of ‘pure psychic automatism’, ...
Beat Movement

Beat Movement  

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A bohemian rebellion against established society which came to prominence about 1956 and had its centers in San Francisco and New York. The term “Beat” expressed both exhaustion and beatification in ...
Betty Parsons

Betty Parsons  

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(b New York, 31 Jan. 1900; d New York, 23 Aug. 1982).American art dealer, collector, painter, and sculptor. After Peggy Guggenheim closed her New York gallery in 1947, Parsons became for a few years ...
Clement Greenberg

Clement Greenberg  

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(1909–94).Art critic. A forceful supporter of mid-twentieth-century American abstraction, he championed such artists as Jackson Pollock, David Smith, Helen Frankenthaler, Barnett Newman, and Kenneth ...
Colour Field Painting

Colour Field Painting  

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Term referring to large New York School paintings that privilege color over form. Deriving from the numinous abstract expressionist tendency notably exemplified by the work of Mark Rothko, it ...

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