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Battle of Poitiers

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archers

archers  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
A soldier armed with bow and arrows. Archers have practised their deadly skill since prehistory in most parts of the world, for example, the Romans employed Scythian archers on horseback. In the ...
Battle of Agincourt

Battle of Agincourt  

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A battle in northern France in 1415 during the Hundred Years War, in which the English under Henry V defeated a large French army. The victory, achieved largely by use of the longbow, allowed Henry ...
battle of Auray

battle of Auray  

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Overview Page
1364.Sir John Chandos, who had fought at Crécy and Poitiers, was engaged in 1364 in supporting the claims of John de Montfort to the duchy of Brittany against those of Charles de Blois. On 27 ...
Battle of Bulgnéville

Battle of Bulgnéville  

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The battle of Bulgnéville (2 July 1431) was one of the major episodes in the war of succession of Lorraine after the death of Duke Charles II, a struggle between ...
Battle of Chizé

Battle of Chizé  

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This was the last major engagement in the Valois campaign to reconquer the county of Poitou, which had been delivered to the English by the Treaty of Brétigny (1360), when ...
Battle of Mauron

Battle of Mauron  

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Overview Page
On 14 August 1352, just east of the village of Mauron, the French army of Brittany under Marshal Guy de Nesle encountered a small English expeditionary force led by Walter ...
Catalan Company

Catalan Company  

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Overview Page
The intrusion of the Aragonese monarchy into central Mediterranean affairs began in 1260 with the marriage of Prince Pedro (soon to be the Aragonese king Pedro III [r. 1276–1285]) to ...
Charles V

Charles V  

(1337–80)King of France (1364–80). He earned his nickname from his intellectual pursuits which included book-collecting and artistic patronage, his religious piety, and his cautious adoption of ...
Edward III

Edward III  

(1312–77),king of England (1327–77), claimant to the French throne (1340–60 and 1369–77). Edward came to the throne in 1327 in unpropitious circumstances, with the government in the hands of his ...
Edward the Black Prince

Edward the Black Prince  

(1330–76)Prince of Wales (1343–76), the eldest son of Edward III. He was an outstanding example of the chivalric ideal, a military leader who helped restore national pride to the English by a series ...
Geoffroi de Charny

Geoffroi de Charny  

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(c.1300–1356) French knight who carried the royal banner at the battle of Poitiers (1356).Charny also wrote the Livre de chevalerie, a treatise on the training and qualities expected of a young ...
Hundred Years War

Hundred Years War  

This potentially misleading term denotes the series of conflicts between England and France between 1337 and 1453. Edward III's claim to the French throne, via his mother Isabella of France ...
Jacquerie

Jacquerie  

A communal uprising or revolt, especially the revolt of the peasants of northern France against the nobles in 1357–8; the term is recorded from the early 16th century, and comes from Old French, ...
Sir John Chandos

Sir John Chandos  

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(d. 1370).Chandos rose to prominence by military service, being present at the opening campaign of the Hundred Years War in 1339, at Crécy, and at the sea battle off ...
Sir John Hawkwood

Sir John Hawkwood  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(d. 1394)A famous military commander whose considerable achievements feature in chronicles from England, France, and Italy, including those of Froissart. As a condottiere, he was the leader of the ...
treaty of Brétigny

treaty of Brétigny  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1360)Treaty concluded between Edward III of England, and John II of France following John's defeat and capture at Poitiers. It released John on payment of a ransom of three million crowns, brought ...
treaty of London

treaty of London  

1358.Draft treaty. Edward III's diplomatic hand was strengthened by the capture of John II of France at Poitiers. This treaty would have given Edward Aquitaine, Poitou, Ponthieu, and Calais in full ...
Warwick castle

Warwick castle  

Sited on a cliff above the Avon, was founded by William the Conqueror in 1068 and has been the seat of the earls of Warwick from the 11th cent. It began as a motte and bailey castle, a stone castle ...
Weapons, Missile

Weapons, Missile  

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Overview Page
Before the development of gunpowder weapons, only three hand missile weapons were available to the medieval soldier: the sling, the longbow, and the crossbow.The Sling.The sling was a ...

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