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Pneumatomachi

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Atticus

Atticus  

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(d. 425), Patr. of Constantinople from 406. Though a bitter opponent of St John Chrysostom, he realized that the quarrel with Rome over Chrysostom's condemnation weakened the prestige of his see; he ...
Basil, St, ‘the Great’

Basil, St, ‘the Great’  

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(c.330–79 [or possibly slightly earlier]), one of the three Cappadocian Fathers. The brother of St Gregory of Nyssa, he settled as a hermit near Neocaesarea in 358; he left his retirement only when ...
First Council of Constantinople

First Council of Constantinople  

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Religion
It was convened by Theodosius I to unite the E. Church at the end of the Arian controversy. It came to be regarded as the Second Oecumenical Council, even though no W. bishops were present. The work ...
Holy Spirit

Holy Spirit  

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Inspiration or the attainment of a degree of prophecy; Heb. ruah ha-kodesh. The books of the Hagiographa such as Psalms and Proverbs (see BIBLE) are said to have been compiled under the Holy Spirit, ...
homoousion

homoousion  

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Religion
(Greek, of one substance)Term used by Augustine to express the identity of the substance of the members of the Trinity; the principal doctrine affirmed in the Athanasian creed, drawn up to confute ...
Macedonius

Macedonius  

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(d. c.362), Bp. of Constantinople from c.342. He supported the Semiarian cause and defended his position at the Council of Seleucia in 359. In 360 he was deposed by the Arian Council of ...
Nicene Creed

Nicene Creed  

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Religion
A formal statement of Christian belief which is very widely used in Christian liturgies, based on that adopted at the first Council of Nicaea in 325.
St Niceta

St Niceta  

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Religion
(d. c.414), ecclesiastical writer. He was Bp. of Remesiana (Beta Palanka, SE of Niš) from c.370. His Explanatio Symboli is a primary witness for the history of the Apostles' Creed, containing the ...
subordinationism

subordinationism  

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Religion
Teaching about the Godhead which regards either the Son as subordinate to the Father or the Holy Spirit as subordinate to both. It was a characteristic tendency in much teaching of the first three ...
Theosis

Theosis  

(θέωσις), or deification in the Byz. tradition, is the goal of man to which he is naturally destined and which is realized through the grace of God. In a Christian ...
Tritheism

Tritheism  

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Religion
The heretical teaching about the Trinity which denies the unity of substance in the Divine Persons. The name is used especially of the teaching of a group of 6th-cent. Monophysites, including John ...

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