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Alcalá de Henares

Alcalá de Henares  

A Spanish town on the river Henares, 30 kilometres (18 miles) north-east of Madrid. In the sixteenth century Alcalá was an important seat of learning: the richly endowed university founded ...
Alonso de Covarrubias

Alonso de Covarrubias  

 (1488–1570) Spanish architect, sometimes acclaimed as a pioneer in introducing Renaissance elements, but the claim is controverted by his main work, the north façade of El Alcázar, Toledo ...
Arfe

Arfe  

Dynasty of Spanish goldsmiths who specialized in monstrances. Enrique de Arfe (c.1470–c.1545) was born in Germany (probably in Cologne) and by 1500 had settled in León, where he embarked on ...
Churrigueresque

Churrigueresque  

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A lavish 18th-century Spanish Baroque style of florid architectural ornament, named after the Churriguera family, found in Spain (mainly in Castile) and Spanish America (especially Mexico).
Claudio de Arciniega

Claudio de Arciniega  

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(1526–93) Spanish-born architect and sculptor.Along with his brother Luis (1537–99), also an architect, he emigrated to Mexico where he built the Viceroy’s Palace, 1573–76, and was involved in the ...
Colonia family

Colonia family  

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Juan de Colonia (c. 1410–81), as his name suggests, came from Cologne (he is also known as Hans of Cologne): he settled in Burgos in Spain, where his family was associated with the building of the ...
Damián Forment

Damián Forment  

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(b ?Valencia, c.1475; d Santo Domingo de la Calzada, 22 Dec. 1540).Spanish sculptor, active mainly in Saragossa, where he settled in 1509. On stylistic grounds it has been proposed ...
Diego de Sagredo

Diego de Sagredo  

(fl.1526),Spanish architectural theorist, a chaplain at the court of Queen Juana la Loca and the author of Medidas del Romano, the first Spanish book on Renaissance architecture. The treatise ...
Diego de Siloé

Diego de Siloé  

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(c. 1490–1563).Spanish Renaissance architect and sculptor of Flemish descent. He travelled in Italy before returning to Burgos in 1519 where he designed a number of works including the symmetrical ...
Egas family

Egas family  

A family of architects of Flemish origin who worked in Toledo in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The family came from Brussels, where their name may have been Coeman. The ...
Estilo desornamentado

Estilo desornamentado  

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(Spanish, ‘stripped or unornamented style’)A term, apparently in use by the 19th century, that describes a phase in Spanish architecture of the 16th and early 17th centuries which was in reaction to ...
Francisco Corral de Villalpando

Francisco Corral de Villalpando  

(d. 1561),Spanish architect and metalworker, born in Palencia into a family of decorative artists working in plaster. In 1548 he built the chancel screen (plated in silver and gold) ...
Hontañon Family

Hontañon Family  

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Father and son, they worked on some of the last Gothic buildings in Spain. Juan Gil de Hontañon (c. 1480–1526) worked on Sigüenza Cathedral, and designed and built mortuary-chapels in the hall-church ...
Juan de Álava

Juan de Álava  

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(c. 1480–1537).Spanish master-mason involved in the building of the Catedral Nueva at Salamanca (1512) and Seville Cathedral (1513). Later, he worked with members of the Colonia family at Plasencia ...
Juan Guas

Juan Guas  

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(c. 1433–96).One of the greatest architects working in late-Gothic Spain, he drew on Flemish medieval elements imaginatively mixed with Moorish themes from Toledo. He was a major influence on the ...
Manueline

Manueline  

A style of Portuguese architecture and architectural decoration named after King Manuel I, with whose reign (1495–1521) it is primarily associated. It is essentially a blend of late Gothic and ...
Mudéjar

Mudéjar  

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A decorative and architectural style, part Islamic and part Gothic, which evolved in Spain after the reconquest of the peninsula from the Moors between the 13th and 15th centuries. It was created by ...
mudéjar

mudéjar  

A subject Muslim during the Christian reconquest of the Iberian peninsula from the Moors (11th–15th centuries) who, until 1492, was allowed to retain Islamic laws and religion in return for loyalty ...
Pedro Machuca

Pedro Machuca  

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(b Toledo, ?c.1490; d Granada, 4 Aug. 1550).Spanish architect and painter, active mainly in Granada. He worked in Italy in his early career (which is poorly documented) and was one of the first ...
Plateresque

Plateresque   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
196 words

vaguely defined descriptive term referring to late Gothic/early Renaissance architecture and architectural decoration in Spain. The word is based on

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