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Roger Planchon

(1931—2009)

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André Acquart

André Acquart  

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(b. Vincennes, Paris, 12 Nov. 1922)Designer. He began designing in Algiers, where he was educated, and in 1951 moved back to Paris, where he became a key figure in ...
Arthur Adamov

Arthur Adamov  

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(1908–1970)Russian-born French dramatist, one of the most prominent exponents of the Theatre of the Absurd.Adamov was born into a wealthy Armenian family in Kislovodsk; at the age of four he moved ...
Avignon Festival

Avignon Festival  

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Founded by Jean Vilar in 1947, as part of the decentralizing of French theatre. Vilar, director of the Théâtre National Populaire (1951–63), continued to develop the Festival until his death ...
Brechtian

Brechtian  

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An adjective which attests to the influence of the dramaturgy, practice, and theory of Bertolt Brecht in the twentieth century and beyond. The term has tended to be used in ...
Christian Schiaretti

Christian Schiaretti  

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(1955– )French director. A student of philosophy as well as theatre, Schiaretti was named director of the Comédie de Reims in 1991, the youngest director ever to administer a national ...
Décentralisation Dramatique

Décentralisation Dramatique  

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Term used to describe the renewal of theatrical life in the French provinces begun in 1945 as a result of private and government ventures and increasingly supported by local authorities. ...
design

design  

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Dance is a visual artform and the design of the stage and of the dancers' costumes naturally plays a major role in establishing the style and tone of any work. Narrative works may depend heavily on ...
directing/director

directing/director  

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Directing is the process of governing preparation for a theatrical performance. In the twentieth century a single person normally exercised this power, now usually called in English the director ...
Eugène Ionesco

Eugène Ionesco  

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(1912–94), playwright.The French‐Romanian playwright, an exponent of the Theatre of the Absurd, has been a favorite of Off‐Broadway companies and collegiate and regional theatres since the early ...
Ezio Frigerio

Ezio Frigerio  

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(b. Erba, Italy, 1930)Designer. He started his career as a painter, and his designs are typified by an indebtedness to sixteenth-century Venetian art. In 1955 he joined Strehler's company ...
Michel Vinaver

Michel Vinaver  

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(1927– )French playwright. A successful international businessman, Vinaver became one the most important French dramatists of the post-1968 generation. The Koreans (1956), Hotel Iphigenia (1959), and ...
Molière

Molière  

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Literature
(pseudonym of Jean‐Baptiste Poquelin) (1622–73), French comic playwright and actor, and the creator of French classical comedy. His major plays include L'Avare (1669), Le Tartuffe (1664), Les Femmes ...
Palais de Chaillot

Palais de Chaillot  

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Paris, Moresque building on the exhibition site opposite the Eiffel Tower, used by the first Théâtre National Populaire from 1920 to 1934. It was demolished in 1934 to make way ...
Patrice Chéreau

Patrice Chéreau  

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(b Lézigné, Maine‐et‐Loire, 1944).Fr. producer. Made his name as th. director. First opera prods. were L'Italiana in Algeri at Spoleto 1969, and Les contes d'Hoffmann, Paris 1974. Invited by Wolfgang ...
Paul Thompson

Paul Thompson  

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(b. Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, 4 May 1940)Director. Educated in Canada and France, in 1965 he served his apprenticeship with director Roger Planchon. After two seasons as an assistant ...
Pierre Carlet de Chamblain de Marivaux

Pierre Carlet de Chamblain de Marivaux  

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Literature
(1688–1763),French dramatist, the dialogue of whose plays is characterized by a peculiarly paradoxical and sensitive style later known as marivaudage, first contemptuously, then in admiration of its ...
René Allio

René Allio  

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(b. Marseille, France, 8 March 1924; d. Paris, 27 March 1995)Stage designer, director and screenwriter. In the late 1950s he worked with the influential director Roger Planchon at the ...
Roger Vitrac

Roger Vitrac  

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(1899–1952)French dramatist. The bourgeois provincialism of Vitrac's childhood infused his writing, which often apprehended the adult world through the sensibility of a child, as in his best-known ...
Théâtre National de la Colline

Théâtre National de la Colline  

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Paris, seating 800, opened in 1988 as the seventh French national theatre. Located, like the Théâtre National Populaire (see PLANCHON), in a working-class area, it is planned as a venue ...
Théâtre National Populaire

Théâtre National Populaire  

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A French national theatre for the people, founded in 1920 by Firmin Gémier who secured government subsidies for productions performed for workers. This enterprise folded in 1937, but in 1951 ...

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