Overview

Pius XII

(1876—1958) pope 1939–58

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 42 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

altar of Repose

altar of Repose  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
An altar to which (according to W. usage) Hosts consecrated at the Maundy Thursday Mass are taken and kept for Communion on Good Friday.
Assumption

Assumption  

The reception of the Virgin Mary bodily into heaven, formally declared a doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church in 1950. The Feast of the Assumption is celebrated in the Roman Catholic Church on 15 ...
Assumption of the BVM

Assumption of the BVM  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The belief that the BVM, ‘having completed her earthly life, was in body and soul assumed into heavenly glory’ (definition, 1950). The belief was unknown in the early Church; it first appears in ...
Benedict XV

Benedict XV  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(3 Sept. 1914–22 Jan. 1922)Born at Genoa on 21 Nov. 1854, the sixth child of an old though relatively poor patrician family, Giacomo Della Chiesa graduated doctor of civil law at Genoa University in ...
Biblical Commission

Biblical Commission  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A committee of cardinals was instituted by Leo XIII in 1902 to further Biblical studies and to safeguard the authority of Scripture against the attacks of exaggerated criticism. In answer to ...
Bl. Innocent XI

Bl. Innocent XI  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(21 Sept. 1676–12 Aug. 1689)After a two-month conclave Benedetto Odescalchi was unanimously chosen to succeed Clement X, Louis XIV of France (1643–1715) having agreed to withdraw his threatened veto. ...
Bl. John XXIII

Bl. John XXIII  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(28 Oct. 1958–3June 1963)Third of thirteen children in a family of frugal peasant farmers, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli was born on 25 Nov. 1881 at Sotto il Monte, 12 km from Bergamo. After attending the ...
Catherine of Genoa

Catherine of Genoa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1447–1510),widow. Born of the noble Ligurian family of Fieschi, Catherine was married at the age of sixteen to Julian Adorno for family, not personal, reasons. He proved to be spendthrift, ...
Catholic Action

Catholic Action  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The organization of nonclerical members of the Roman Catholic Church for apostolic action. It was defined by Pius XI in 1922 as ‘the participation of laymen in the hierarchical apostolate’.[...]
Catholic Church

Catholic Church  

Is the denomination of Western Christianity in communion with the Pope that traces its faith in Jesus Christ to the community formed around the apostles. Since the European Reformation of ...
Cheng-hsiang Lu

Cheng-hsiang Lu  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1871–1949), Chinese statesman and Benedictine monk. The son of a Protestant catechist, he held various high government offices. He became a RC in 1911. In 1927 he entered the abbey of St-André near ...
chrism

chrism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A mixture of oil and balsam, consecrated and used for anointing at baptism and other rites of the Catholic, Orthodox, and Anglican Churches. The word is recorded from Old English, and comes via ...
Clement XI

Clement XI  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1649–1721), Pope from 1700. In the political sphere he met with little success, and in the Treaty of Utrecht (1713) his rights in Sardinia and elsewhere were ignored. His condemnation of Jansenism ...
encyclical

encyclical  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A papal letter sent to all bishops of the Roman Catholic Church. The word is recorded (as an adjective) from the mid 17th century, and comes via late Latin from Greek enkuklios ‘circular, general’.
Eucharistic fast

Eucharistic fast  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
By this is commonly understood complete abstinence from food and drink for a period preceding the reception of Communion. The traditional period of the fast in the W. was from the previous midnight. ...
evening Communion

evening Communion  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
There are possible references to evening celebrations of the Eucharist in the NT, but it seems that an early hour soon became the usual time. After the Reformation some Protestant Churches celebrated ...
Final Solution

Final Solution  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In German, Endlösung the term used to designate the policies and methods employed by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi regime in Germany to effect the complete extermination of European Jewry ...
Humani Generis

Humani Generis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The encyclical of Pius XII (12 Aug. 1950) aimed at correcting extreme opinions which had become prominent in the post-war theological revival. It rejected Existentialism; excessive emphasis of the ...
John Paul II

John Paul II  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
1920–2005)Polish-born pope (1978–2005) whose many travels abroad included a visit to Britain (1982) and tours of his native country (1979, 1987, and 1991).Wojtyla was born in Wadowice, Poland, the ...
John XXIII

John XXIII  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
1881–1963)Pope (1958–63) who, by convening the Second Vatican Council (1962–65), set in motion the process of ‘aggiornamento’ – bringing the Catholic Church up to date to meet the demands of the ...

View: