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Pablo Picasso

(1881—1973) Spanish painter, sculptor, and graphic artist

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A. E. Gallatin

A. E. Gallatin  

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(1881–1952)American collector, writer on art, and painter, born into a wealthy family. His earliest collecting interests were in Aubrey Beardsley and Whistler, but in the 1920s he began buying more ...
A. R. Penck

A. R. Penck  

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(1939– )German painter, born in Dresden. He was born Ralf Winckler and took on his pseudonym in 1968, deriving the name from the geographer and Ice Age researcher Albrecht Penck (1858–1945), ...
African art

African art  

This entry contains two subentries: An Overview; and Contemporary African Art.African art presents unique potentials and challenges in terms of art historical engagement. One of the many advantages ...
Albert Skira

Albert Skira  

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(1904–73)Swiss publisher, born in Geneva. After working in a bank and as an entertainments organizer in luxury hotels, he set up business as a bookseller and in 1931 began his publishing career with ...
Alberto Magnelli

Alberto Magnelli  

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(b Florence, 1 July 1888; d Meudon, nr. Paris, 20 Apr. 1971).Italian painter, active mainly in Paris, where he settled in 1931. In his early work he moved from ...
Aleksandra Ekster

Aleksandra Ekster  

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(1884–1949)Russian constructivist designer and cubist painter, who began her career at Tairov's Kamerny Theatre with the designs for Annensky's Thamira Kitharides (1916). The following year her ...
Alexander Archipenko

Alexander Archipenko  

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(1887–1964).Sculptor. The most prominent sculptor of the cubist movement, he is known for semi-abstract, often colorful works. He contributed significantly during his American years to wider ...
Alexandra Exter

Alexandra Exter  

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(b Bielostok, Kiev region, Ukraine, 6 [18] Jan. 1882; d Fontenay-aux-Roses, nr. Paris, 17 Mar. 1949).Russian painter and designer. In 1908 she visited Paris for the first time and from then until the ...
Alfred H. Barr, Jr.

Alfred H. Barr, Jr.  

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(b Detroit, 28 Jan. 1902; d Salisbury, Conn., 15 Aug. 1981).American art historian and museum administrator who played an enormously influential role in establishing an intellectual framework for the ...
Alfred Stieglitz

Alfred Stieglitz  

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(1864–1946)US photographer who established photography as a fine art in the USA and, through his galleries and publications, introduced Americans to modern art.Stieglitz was born in New Jersey, the ...
Ambroise Vollard

Ambroise Vollard  

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(b Saint-Denis, Réunion, Indian Ocean, 3 July 1866; d Paris, 22 July 1939).French dealer, connoisseur, publisher, and writer, one of the most important champions of avant-garde art in the ...
Amedeo Modigliani

Amedeo Modigliani  

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(1884–1920)Italian painter, sculptor, and draughtsman known for his melancholy elongated portraits.The fourth son of a wealthy Italian Jewish banker who lost his money, Modigliani suffered during his ...
André Derain

André Derain  

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(1880–1954)French painter and prominent member of the fauve group of artists.The Paris exhibition of Van Gogh's paintings in 1901 had a powerful effect on Derain's development as a painter. With ...
André Salmon

André Salmon  

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(1881–1969).Poet, novelist, and art critic. A very Parisian figure, Salmon is best remembered as an impresario and chronicler of the arts who did much to promote the ‘vie d'artiste’ ...
Anthony Blunt

Anthony Blunt  

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(1907–1983)British art historian who, in 1979, was publicly revealed to have been a Soviet agent.Born in Bournemouth and educated at Marlborough College, Blunt attended Trinity College, Cambridge, ...
Anthony Hopkins

Anthony Hopkins  

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(b. Port Talbot, Wales, 31 Dec. 1937)Actor. He joined the National Theatre in 1966 and made his mark with strong physical performances in roles including Coriolanus (1971) and Macbeth ...
appropriation

appropriation  

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The taking over of a real object or work of art into another work of art, for example in Cubist art in which fragments of newspapers were included to represent themselves. The term has particularly ...
aquatint

aquatint  

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A printmaking method related to etching but producing finely granulated tonal areas rather than lines; the term applies also to a print made by this method. There are several variants of the ...
Ardengo Soffici

Ardengo Soffici  

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(b Rignano sull’Arno, nr. Florence, 7 Apr. 1879; d Forte dei Marmi, nr. Viareggio, 18 Aug. 1964).Italian critic and painter. From 1900 to 1907 he spent his formative years ...
Armory Show

Armory Show  

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An art exhibition (officially entitled the International Exhibition of Modern Art) held in New York, 17 February–15 March 1913, at the Armory of the National Guard's Sixty-Ninth Regiment, Lexington ...

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