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physiology

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anatomy

anatomy  

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The study of the structure of living organisms, especially of their internal parts by means of dissection and microscopical examination. Compare morphology.
biology

biology  

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The study of living organisms; or a generic term for the life sciences, including botany, zoology, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, and related disciplines. [From Greek bios life + logos word, ...
buildings and the body

buildings and the body  

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The anthropologist Mary Douglas once remarked that, for psychologists and psychoanalysts, everything symbolizes the body; for sociologists, the body symbolizes everything else. In as much as our ...
cardiology

cardiology  

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n. the science concerned with the study of the structure, function, and diseases of the heart. See also nuclear cardiology. —cardiologist n.
exercise physiology

exercise physiology  

A branch of physiology concerned with how the body adapts physiologically to the acute (short-term) stress of exercise or physical activity, and the chronic (long-term) stress of physical training. ...
illustration and photography

illustration and photography  

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Since the Renaissance, numerous genres of medical imagery have been invented and developed, some subsequently being abandoned. Most new medical specialties have also been accompanied by their own ...
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov

Ivan Petrovich Pavlov  

(1849–1936)Russian physiologist, who became professor of physiology in St Petersburg in 1886. While working on the physiology of digestion he discovered that the mere sight of food stimulates the ...
laboratory medicine

laboratory medicine  

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Comprises experimental research and its practical application in patient and population management and the transmission of its findings in medical education. It merits notice, cognitively, because of ...
materialism and vitalism

materialism and vitalism  

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Materialists make the ultimate principles matter and motion; vitalists, the soul or an irreducible life force. Because both believed that they could answer the question “What is life?” their ...
medicine

medicine  

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n. 1. the science or practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. 2. the science or practice of nonsurgical methods of treating disease. 3. any drug or preparation used for the ...
mind–body problem

mind–body problem  

The philosophical problem, usually attributed to the French philosopher René Descartes (1596–1650) of explaining the apparent interaction of mental and physical events, which appear to belong to two ...
nephrology

nephrology  

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n. the branch of medicine concerned with the study, investigation, and management of diseases of the kidney. See also urology. —nephrologist n.
neurology

neurology  

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n. the study of the structure, functioning, and diseases of the nervous system (including the brain, spinal cord, the peripheral nerves, and muscles). —neurological adj. —neurologist n.
pharmacology

pharmacology  

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The study of the properties of drugs and their effects on living organisms. Clinical pharmacology is concerned with the effects of drugs in treating disease.
physiotherapy

physiotherapy  

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n. the branch of treatment that employs physical methods to promote healing, including the use of light, infrared and ultraviolet rays, heat, electric current, ultrasound, massage, manipulation, ...
self-experimentation

self-experimentation  

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Has a long history among doctors and medical scientists. At one level, it is a variety of the more general phenomenon of human experimentation, but with its own special characteristics. ...
William Harvey

William Harvey  

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Philosophy
(1578–1657),practised medicine in London and became influential in the College of Physicians. Harvey's discovery of the circulation of blood was announced in De motu cordis (1628; English trans. ...
zoology

zoology  

The study of animals (including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, insects, spiders, and molluscs) and their structures and functions. Contrast zooecology. See also botany.

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