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physiology

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anatomy

anatomy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The study of the structure of living organisms, especially of their internal parts by means of dissection and microscopical examination. Compare morphology.
biology

biology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The study of living organisms; or a generic term for the life sciences, including botany, zoology, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, and related disciplines. [From Greek bios life + logos word, ...
buildings and the body

buildings and the body  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The anthropologist Mary Douglas once remarked that, for psychologists and psychoanalysts, everything symbolizes the body; for sociologists, the body symbolizes everything else. In as much as our ...
cardiology

cardiology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
n. the science concerned with the study of the structure, function, and diseases of the heart. See also nuclear cardiology. —cardiologist n.
exercise physiology

exercise physiology  

A branch of physiology concerned with how the body adapts physiologically to the acute (short-term) stress of exercise or physical activity, and the chronic (long-term) stress of physical training. ...
illustration and photography

illustration and photography  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Since the Renaissance, numerous genres of medical imagery have been invented and developed, some subsequently being abandoned. Most new medical specialties have also been accompanied by their own ...
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov

Ivan Petrovich Pavlov  

(1849–1936)Russian physiologist, who became professor of physiology in St Petersburg in 1886. While working on the physiology of digestion he discovered that the mere sight of food stimulates the ...
laboratory medicine

laboratory medicine  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Comprises experimental research and its practical application in patient and population management and the transmission of its findings in medical education. It merits notice, cognitively, because of ...
materialism and vitalism

materialism and vitalism  

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Overview Page
Materialists make the ultimate principles matter and motion; vitalists, the soul or an irreducible life force. Because both believed that they could answer the question “What is life?” their ...
medicine

medicine  

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Overview Page
n. 1. the science or practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. 2. the science or practice of nonsurgical methods of treating disease. 3. any drug or preparation used for the ...
mind–body problem

mind–body problem  

The philosophical problem, usually attributed to the French philosopher René Descartes (1596–1650) of explaining the apparent interaction of mental and physical events, which appear to belong to two ...
nephrology

nephrology  

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n. the branch of medicine concerned with the study, investigation, and management of diseases of the kidney. See also urology. —nephrologist n.
neurology

neurology  

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Overview Page
n. the study of the structure, functioning, and diseases of the nervous system (including the brain, spinal cord, the peripheral nerves, and muscles). —neurological adj. —neurologist n.
pharmacology

pharmacology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The study of the properties of drugs and their effects on living organisms. Clinical pharmacology is concerned with the effects of drugs in treating disease.
physiology

physiology   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Body

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
1,437 words

is defined by dictionaries as ‘the science of the normal functions and phenomena of living things’. The physiology of animals

physiology

physiology   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
21 words

the science dealing with the functioning of cells, tissues, organs, and organisms, and with the chemical and physical phenomena concerned.

physiology

physiology   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

In humans, the study of the functioning of normal, healthy people and their body structures. Compare pathology.

physiology

physiology   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
17 words

Branch of biology concerned with the functions of living organisms, as opposed to their structure (anatomy).

physiology

physiology   Reference library

Tilly Tansey

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
2,802 words
Twentieth-century physiology included detailed examinations, at several levels, of the functioning of particular organs or systems both in the laboratory and in the intact animal ... More
physiology — history

physiology — history   Reference library

Tilly Tansey

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
2,750 words
This is the study of how the body works and nowadays includes or is closely related to other scientific specialties, including biochemistry, neuroscience, pharmacology, and molecular ... More

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