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adoption

adoption  

In the heroic monomyth, the divine child is often adopted by menials or animals after being abandoned or threatened in some way. Oedipus, Sigurd (Siegfried), Krishna, Cybele, and Romulus and Remus ...
Apaturia

Apaturia  

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An Ionian festival. Acc. to Herodotus, Ionians are all those who ‘derive from Athens and celebrate the festival Apaturia. All Ionians celebrate it except Ephesians and Colophonians.’ Almost all ...
Apellai

Apellai  

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Was a monthly festival of Apollo held at Sparta and elsewhere. On this day the stated meetings of the Spartan assembly (see ekklesia) were held. The assembly comprised all Spartiate male citizens in ...
armies, Greek and Hellenistic

armies, Greek and Hellenistic  

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Apart from what little archaeology can tell us, our earliest evidence comes from Homer, but it is uncertain how far the poems can be taken as depicting real warfare. To some extent, what happens on ...
Camarina

Camarina  

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A Syracusan (see Syracuse) colony founded c.599 bc at the mouth of the river Hipparis in southern Sicily, near modern Scoglitti. Its mid-6th cent. fortifications enclose a vast area of ...
Carnea

Carnea  

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The main festival of the Dorians, honouring Apollo Carneius. At Sparta it took place in late summer and lasted nine days. It was above all a choral and musical festival of panhellenic importance.
clan

clan  

The Gaelic word clann means primarily children. Clans are referred to in the reign of David I (1124–53) in the Book of Deer, where there are references to the toiseachs of the Clans Morgan and Canan. ...
Decelea

Decelea  

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A small Attic deme with its centre at Tatoi in the foothills of Mt. Parnes and extensive views over the Attic plain. It is included in Philochorus' list of twelve ...
Delphi

Delphi  

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One of the most important religious sanctuaries of the ancient Greek world, dedicated to Apollo and situated on the lower southern slopes of Mount Parnassus above the Gulf of Corinth. It was thought ...
family

family  

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Family bible a bible designed to be used at family prayers, typically one with space on its flyleaves for recording important family events.the family that prays together, stays together motto ...
genos

genos  

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The word genos was widely and variously used in Greek of all periods to denote ‘species’, ‘genus’, ‘sort’, ‘category’, ‘birth’, ‘kin’, ‘race’, ‘lineage’, ‘family’, ‘generation’, ‘posterity’, etc. ...
Greek clubs

Greek clubs  

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Greek clubs, sacred and secular, are attested as early as the time of Solon, one of whose laws gave legal validity to their regulations, unless they were contrary to the laws of the state; and we ...
orgeōnes

orgeōnes  

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(ὄργεω̑νες) are members of a society devoted to the rites (ὄργια) of a particular hero or god; they are in effect confined to Attica. A group of orgeōnes was an ...
patrōoi theoi

patrōoi theoi  

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(πατρῳ̑οι θεοί), literally ‘gods associated with a father’, hence commonly ‘ancestral’ or ‘inherited gods’. There is a clear similarity between the use of the epithet here and in phrases such ...
phylai

phylai  

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The Greek word phyle, usually but misleadingly translated ‘tribe’, was widely but not universally used in the Greek world to denote the principal components or divisions of the citizen body. ...
polis

polis  

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Ancient Greek city (πóλιζ) or citystate. It is commonly found combined with other words as a nickname for a town, e.g. Linenopolis for C19 Belfast, and with prefixes such as metro- it means a ...
social organization

social organization  

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A general term for all patterns of relationship and structures in social life, especially when seen in macrosociological perspective, or as phenomena independent of psychology. It is also one of ...
thiasos

thiasos  

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(θίασος), a group of worshippers of a god. Permanent thiasoi are attested epigraphically from the Hellenistic period in much of the Greek world: they are associations centred, at least in ...
trittyes

trittyes  

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(‘thirds’), divisions both of the four old and of the ten new tribes at Athens. Little is known of the old trittyes; an ancient guess that they were identical with ...

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