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photography

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Alexander Gardner

Alexander Gardner  

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(1821–82).Photographer. Known especially for images of the Civil War and its aftermath, he also documented the West and created notable portraits. Born in Paisley, Scotland, as a young man he worked ...
Alfred Eisenstaedt

Alfred Eisenstaedt  

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(1898–1995)German-born US photographer, who did much to develop the art of photojournalism, especially during his long association with Life magazine.Eisenstaedt was born in Dirschau, West Prussia ...
Alfred Stieglitz

Alfred Stieglitz  

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(1864–1946)US photographer who established photography as a fine art in the USA and, through his galleries and publications, introduced Americans to modern art.Stieglitz was born in New Jersey, the ...
Alvin Langdon Coburn

Alvin Langdon Coburn  

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(1882–1966).Photographer. His images of the modern city evolved from moody evocations to encounters of a dramatic force rarely encountered among pictorial photographers. He also made a specialty of ...
André Kertész

André Kertész  

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(1894–1985)Hungarian-born US photographer whose pictures of Paris in the 1920s were a major influence on the development of photojournalism.After attending the Hungarian Academy of Commerce, Kertész ...
Anton Giulio Bragaglia

Anton Giulio Bragaglia  

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(1890–1960) and(1893–1962), Italian Futurists and pioneers of ‘photodynamism’.As young men the two brothers shared an interest in photography and film, frequenting the Cines film studios where their ...
army records

army records  

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History
See the Public Record Office Records Information leaflet no. 59, ‘British Army Records as Sources for Biography and Genealogy’.Personal information about officers should be first sought in the ...
art and science

art and science  

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Have been interdependent in highly creative ways since the fifteenth century. Artists have utilized scientific and mathematical principles since the popularization of perspective in Leon Battista ...
autochrome

autochrome  

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Early photographic colour transparency on glass made by the first fully practical means of producing colour photographs. The Lumière brothers in France announced a new colour process in 1904 and ...
Berenice Abbott

Berenice Abbott  

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(1898–1991).Photographer. Besides views of New York and scientific images, she also created distinguished portraits. Born in Springfield, Ohio, Abbott grew up in nearby Columbus and in Cleveland. She ...
carte du ciel

carte du ciel  

A series of star charts obtained from photographic plates taken with normal astrographs. These plates went to fainter magnitudes than those used for the associated Astrographic Catalogue. The charts ...
chirography

chirography  

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Subject:
Linguistics
One of the two categories of picture signs proposed by the psychologist James J. Gibson (1904–1979), chirography (resulting from the traces of a hand or a handheld tool) is distinct ...
cinema

cinema  

1. A building in which films are shown, containing at least one auditorium in which an audience watches together.2. Films produced for viewing by the general public.3. The industry involved in the ...
cricket

cricket  

Is not mentioned in James I's Book of Sports (1617) but was certainly well developed before the end of the century. An eleven‐a‐side match for 50 guineas was played in Sussex in 1697 and in 1709 Kent ...
Deborah Willis

Deborah Willis  

(b Philadelphia, PA, 5 Feb 1948),photographer, curator, and scholar. Willis was born in North Philadelphia to a hairdresser mother and a policeman father who was an amateur photographer. Within ...
Diane Arbus

Diane Arbus  

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(1923–71).Photographer. She specialized in images of people whose inner lives seem rawly exposed, yet ultimately mysterious. While ordinary people sometimes appear outlandish, marginal or disabled ...
directories

directories  

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History
A list of persons, shops, or businesses selected according to geography or specialization. Also (in older usage), a guide or introduction to a particular subject.The earliest books named Directorium ...
Dorothea Lange

Dorothea Lange  

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(1895–1965).Photographer. Her simply composed but affecting Depression-era documentary photographs reveal human despair and suffering, but also dignity and strength. Facial expressions, gestures, and ...
Douglas MacArthur

Douglas MacArthur  

(1880–1964)US general. He was in command of US (later Allied) forces in the SW Pacific during World War II. He formally accepted Japan's surrender in 1945, and administered that country during the ...
dye transfer

dye transfer  

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This process, originally known by the unattractive name of ‘wash‐off relief’, was introduced by Eastman Kodak in the 1930s as an alternative to tricolour carbro. It also began with separation ...

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