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phenomenology

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absent signifier

absent signifier  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. A particular feature which is perceived as missing from a representation in any medium, especially where it is ‘notable by its absence’, breaching expectations. See also commutation test; ...
act psychology

act psychology  

A doctrine, first propounded by the German psychologist and philosopher Franz Brentano (1838–1917), according to which psychology should study not merely the elements of consciousness as in ...
agency

agency  

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Overview Page
1. (sociology) A central thematic opposition with structure representing the scope for human freedom of action—versus the ways in which actions may be determined by social structures. See also ...
Alain

Alain  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1868–1951).French philosopher, essayist, critic, teacher, and mentor of the Radical party. The brief chapters of Alain's philosophical essays, the 5,000 lapidary Propos devoted to politics, ...
Albert Michotte

Albert Michotte  

(1881–1965).Belgian experimental psychologist of high reputation. He is best known for his investigations of perceptual causality. By combining with remarkable ingenuity various types of real object ...
Alexius Meinong

Alexius Meinong  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1853–1920)is one of the most misunderstood and reviled philosophers of recent times. According to a prevalent view, he was a spendthrift metaphysician who delighted in multiplying entities ...
Alfred Schutz

Alfred Schutz  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1899 –1959)An Austrian sociologist who bridged the gap between the phenomenological study of everyday life and the analysis of higher-order social relations (see phenomenology). Schutz was educated ...
always-already given

always-already given  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. (givenness) Broadly, in cultural theory, a key abstract concept that is taken for granted as an essential starting-point for any theory—often inexplicit but nevertheless the philosophical ...
American philosophy

American philosophy  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Philosophizing in the United States has developed apace over the past century and has never been in as flourishing a condition as today, with philosophy firmly established as a subject ...
Anthony Giddens

Anthony Giddens  

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Overview Page
(1938– )Internationally famous British sociologist, innovative publisher, public intellectual, and Director of the London School of Economics, Giddens has authored a remarkable succession of seminal ...
Aristotelian Society

Aristotelian Society  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The Aristotelian Society - or, to give it its full name, The Aristotelian Society for the Systematic Study of Philosophy – was founded in London in 1880. Its founder and ...
being-in-the-world

being-in-the-world  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(In-der-Welt-sein) is, for Heidegger, the ‘determining character’ or ‘basic state’ of Dasein (the kind of being which humans have). The hyphens signal that it is a ‘unitary phenomenon’, for world ...
body

body  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The body is often contrasted unfavourably with the mind, and in Pythagorean, Indian and Christian traditions bodily residence is a kind of penance compared with the full joy of purely spiritual ...
Carl Rogers

Carl Rogers  

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Overview Page
(1902–87)An American psychologist who wrote extensively about the psychology of learning. He discarded the term ‘teacher’ and used instead ‘facilitator’ in order both to stress the centrality of the ...
Claude Simon

Claude Simon  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1913–2005) French novelistThe Wind [Le Vent] (1957) FictionThe Flanders Road [La Route des Flandres] (1960) FictionThe Wind [Le Vent] (1957) FictionThe Flanders Road [La Route des Flandres] (1960) ...
Colin Smith

Colin Smith  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1914–90)Colin Smith was born on 4 October 1914 in Bolton and died in Surrey on 27 November 1990. After receiving his BA and MA from Manchester University, he taught ...
commonsense knowledge

commonsense knowledge  

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Overview Page
The routine knowledge people have of their everyday world and activities. Different sociological approaches adopt different attitudes to commonsense knowledge. The concept is central to Alfred ...
communication theory

communication theory  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
The study of communication systems through mathematical models of their operation. It is broadly divided into information theory (the entropy formulation of sources and channels) and coding theory ...
conceptual thought

conceptual thought  

A central question about consciousness turns on a distinction between sensory and conceptual aspects of mind: does consciousness in the phenomenal sense extend to both aspects, or is it exclusively ...
conflict theory

conflict theory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Conflict has always been central to sociological theory and analysis. Some of the earliest approaches included Ludwig Gumplowicz's theory of ethnic conflict and Gaetano Mosca's theory of conflict ...

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