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petroleum industry

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Alaska

Alaska  

Place names like Valdez and Cordova reveal that there has been a Hispanic presence in Alaska since 1791, when Spanish sailors on the famous Malaspina Expedition visited the area. In ...
antitrust

antitrust  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
This is the American term for competition law. The basic provision of US antitrust is the Sherman Act of 1890. Section 1 states: ‘Every contract, combination in the form of ...
business

business  

1 All forms of industrial and commercial profit-seeking activity. The business cycle refers to fluctuations in the aggregate level of economic activity, and the Business Expansion Scheme in the UK ...
chemical Industry

chemical Industry  

The most significant concentration of chemical manufacturing activity in Ireland during the 18th and 19th centuries was oriented towards supplying the linen industry with chemicals for finishing and ...
Earth Sciences

Earth Sciences  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Modern studies of the nature and development of Earth’s main characteristics are collectively known as the earth sciences. These are commonly divided into three principal components: atmospheric, ...
ENERGY CRISIS OF THE 1970s.

ENERGY CRISIS OF THE 1970s.  

The energy crisis of the 1970s damaged the American economy and decisively affected presidential politics. Retaliating for Western support of Israel in the October 1973 Mideast War, Arab members of ...
Geological Surveys.

Geological Surveys.  

Geological surveys are among the earliest examples of government-supported science in the United States, with state surveys pre-dating the federal geological survey by nearly half a century.The North ...
heating

heating  

For cooking and warmth was primarily supplied in the classical world by charcoal stoves: hence the importance of charcoal‐burning. In the Roman empire, heating was revolutionized by the introduction ...
Illumination.

Illumination.  

Although lighting might appear a necessity, the perception of needs has changed radically since the Colonial Era, when the expense of illumination restricted it to domestic use, and night and ...
John D. Rockefeller

John D. Rockefeller  

(1839–1937)US industrialist and philanthropist. One of the first to recognize the industrial possibilities of oil, Rockefeller established the Standard Oil Company (1870) and by the end of the decade ...
manufacturing

manufacturing  

The making of articles and goods for sale as commodities. Manufacturing makes up the greater part of what is sometimes referred to as the secondary sector of the economy. See also factory system; ...
Maritime Transport.

Maritime Transport.  

Water-borne transportation has been central to the American economy since Europeans first crossed the Atlantic. Oceans, bays, and rivers offer surfaces across which heavy vessels can be moved with ...
mining

mining  

The removal of minerals (such as coal, gold, or silver) from the ground. See also area mining, auger mining, contour mining, lode mining, open cast mining, pit mining, placer mining, strip mining.
petroleum industry

petroleum industry   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,491 words

The organized discovery, recovery, processing, and marketing of raw oil and gas. The chemical constituents of all petroleums are hydrocarbons.

petroleum industry

petroleum industry   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Earth

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

The petroleum industry barely existed 100 years ago and will probably be largely gone 100 years from now. Nevertheless in

Petroleum Industry.

Petroleum Industry.   Reference library

Norman Norhauser

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
530 words
The petroleum age began in 1859 when Edwin L. Drake's construction of the first oil well in northwestern Pennsylvania launched several oil rushes in the Appalachian fields and a refinery ... More
pharmaceutical industry

pharmaceutical industry  

A large industry responsible for development and manufacture of drugs, medications, pesticides, etc., for human and veterinary use. The pharmaceutical industry conducts and sponsors research on ...
Teapot Dome Scandal

Teapot Dome Scandal  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1922–24)US fraud perpetrated by the “Ohio gang” surrounding President Harding. It involved the siphoning of oil, intended for the US navy, from the oil reserves at Teapot Dome, Wyoming, to the ...
West, The.

West, The.  

The American West is both a place and a state of mind, and the two are not easily disentangled, since no agreement exists about either its geographic boundaries or its ...

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