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Petrarch

(1304—1374)

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Africa

Africa  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Petrarch's Latin epic in classical hexa-meters which he began in 1338–41 but never completed, books 4 and 9 still showing many lacunae. Only the thirty-four lines of the lament of ...
Aldo Manuzio

Aldo Manuzio  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(c. 1452–1515)was one of the most influential figures in the early history of printing, and his creative innovations have left a permanent mark on printing and publishing. Born in ...
Aldus Manutius

Aldus Manutius  

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Overview Page
(1449–1515)Scholar, printer, and publisher, born near Rome. He moved to Venice in 1490 and, after publishing his own Latin grammar (1493), in 1495 he opened his own press, which ...
Alessandro Guidi

Alessandro Guidi  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1650–1712).Poet. Born in Pavia, he served Christina of Sweden in Rome from 1685 to her death. In 1691 he entered Arcadia and became its foremost lyric poet and the ...
Alessandro Tassoni

Alessandro Tassoni  

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Literature
(1565–1635)Italian poet, philosopher, historian, politician, and member of several learned Academies. He joined the entourage of Cardinal Ascanio Sforza in Rome (1597) and later became a court ...
Alessandro Vellutello

Alessandro Vellutello  

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Literature
(15th– 16th c.)published a commentary on Petrarch in 1525, and one on Dante in 1544. The Dante commentary demonstrates a willingness to resist the prevailing views of Pietro Bembo ...
allegory

allegory  

A story, poem, or picture which can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one. The word comes (in late Middle English) via Old French and Latin from Greek ...
allusion

allusion  

An indirect or passing reference to some event, person, place, or artistic work, the nature and relevance of which is not explained by the writer but relies on the reader's familiarity with what is ...
Alonso Mudarra

Alonso Mudarra  

(c.1510–1580),Spanish composer and vihuelist who was brought up in the de Mendoza household. He became a canon at Seville Cathedral in 1546, where he became involved in musical matters ...
Altichiero

Altichiero  

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Overview Page
(active 1370s and 1380s).Italian painter. He was the outstanding north Italian painter of the 14th century, but little is known of his life. He probably came from Zevio near Verona and is sometimes ...
Andrea del Castagno

Andrea del Castagno  

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(b Castagno, nr. Florence, c.1418; bur. Florence, 19 Aug. 1457).One of the most powerful Florentine painters in the generation after Masaccio. Nothing is known of his training, and the ...
Angelo Colocci

Angelo Colocci  

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Subject:
Literature
(1474–1549),Italian humanist, romance philologist, and antiquarian, born in Isei. From 1497 he worked in the Vatican secretariat of Popes Leo X and Clement VII; in 1537 he was consecrated ...
Anjou

Anjou  

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French dynasty implanted in Italy by Charles I (1227–85), youngest son of Louis VIII. Supporting papal claims against the Hohenstaufen [see frederick ii], Charles defeated Manfredi at Benevento ...
Annibale Caro

Annibale Caro  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1507–66).Writer, translator, critic, and academician. Born and educated in Civitanova Marche, he moved to Florence in 1525 as tutor to Lorenzo Lenzi, curtailing his own studies but coming into ...
anthology

anthology  

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Subject:
Literature
A published collection of poems or other pieces of writing; a similar collection of songs or musical compositions issued in one album. The word comes, in the mid 17th century, via French or medieval ...
antiquarianism

antiquarianism  

[Th]An intellectual tradition of enquiry that developed in Europe in the 16th and early 17th centuries ad as a result of new interests in nature, antiquity, the Renaissance of learning, and the ...
Antonio da Ferrara

Antonio da Ferrara  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1315–before 1374).Ferrarese poet, whose father was probably a butcher (beccaio). He moved between various Northern Italian courts, having a somewhat ambiguous status between courtier and giullare. ...
Antonio da Tempo

Antonio da Tempo  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(14th c.)was a Paduan judge, versifier, and author of the first influential treatise on Italian metrical forms, the Summa artis rithimici vulgaris dictaminis (1332). As a North Italian, Antonio ...
Arcadia

Arcadia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A series of verse eclogues connected by prose narrative, published 1504 by Sannazar.
Aristotelianism

Aristotelianism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Aristotle's influence originally survived through his own school, the Lyceum. His works were collected and edited by Andronicus of Rhodes, and commentaries continued until Justinian closed the pagan ...

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