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Abraham Bosse

Abraham Bosse  

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(b Tours, 1602/4; d Paris, 14 Feb. 1676).French printmaker and writer on art. His large output (more than 1,500 prints in etching and engraving) provides a rich source of documentation on ...
aerial perspective

aerial perspective  

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A term applied to (i) the atmospheric effect whereby distant landscape features look more hazy and bluish than near ones, and (ii) the imitation of this effect in painting. Dust and moisture ...
Agatharchus

Agatharchus  

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Painter, of Samos. He was the first to make a skēnē (stage building; see theatre staging, greek), for Aeschylus (probably for a revival at the time of the Peloponnesian War), and wrote a book on ...
Albrecht Altdorfer

Albrecht Altdorfer  

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(b ?Amberg, c.1480; d Regensburg, 12 Feb. 1538).German painter, printmaker, draughtsman, and architect, active in Regensburg, of which town he was a citizen from 1505 onwards. Nothing is recorded of ...
Albrecht Dürer

Albrecht Dürer  

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(b Nuremberg, 21 May 1471; d Nuremberg, 6 Apr. 1528).German printmaker, painter, draughtsman, and writer, the greatest figure of Renaissance art in northern Europe. He was the son of a goldsmith, ...
Andrea Mantegna

Andrea Mantegna  

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(b ?Isola di Carturo, Piazzolo, nr. Padua, c.1431; d Mantua, 13 Sept. 1506).Italian painter and printmaker, the leading artist in northern Italy throughout most of his career. He was the pupil and ...
Anton Woensam

Anton Woensam  

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(1493/6 –1541).German painter and graphic artist specializing in woodcuts. Forty-five paintings and over 500 woodcuts are attributed to him. The family settled in Cologne in 1510 where Anton received ...
architectural photography

architectural photography  

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Can be broadly considered to encompass views of the exteriors and interiors of domestic, commercial, religious, institutional, and engineering structures, as well as records of the evolution of towns ...
art History

art History  

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An academic discipline which, as its name implies, is concerned with the historical study of art in all its manifestations throughout the ages to the present day. Its origins can be traced back to ...
audience control

audience control  

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Throughout the history of the theatre, practitioners have attempted a variety of physical, psychological, and policing strategies to influence, direct, and regulate the audience's experience of ...
background

background  

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Media studies
1. In visual images which involve the representation of spatial depth, the depicted area that appears to be farthest from the viewer. One of the three zones of recession lying behind the picture ...
Bernardino Zenale

Bernardino Zenale  

(c.1464–1526),Italian painter, born in Treviglio (near Bergamo), where he collaborated with his fellow citizen Bernardino Butinone (c.1450–c.1507) on the polyptych for the cathedral. They also worked ...
Bernardo Buontalenti

Bernardo Buontalenti  

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 (1531–1608) Italian architect, engineer, and sculptor.As well as being a competent designer of military architecture, Buontalenti had a varied career, designing very inventive grottoes (at the ...
Bibiena family

Bibiena family  

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Italian painters, architects, and scenographers. Students of the baroque, an age that loved illusion, they adopted an exuberant style that made use of new architectural forms, ornate columns, trompe ...
Bramantino

Bramantino  

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(b ?Milan, c.1460; d Milan, 1530).Milanese painter and architect, a follower of Bramante, from whom he takes his nickname (meaning ‘little Bramante’). He was appointed court painter and architect to ...
Cockpit-in-Court

Cockpit-in-Court  

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Built in 1629 as a replacement for a succession of temporary theatres used at Whitehall Palace to stage plays and masques for the royal entertainments of the Christmas season, the ...
Coliseo

Coliseo  

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The Coliseo del Buen Retiro in Madrid was the principal court theatre of later seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Spain. Built 1638–40 in the new royal palace of the Buen Retiro, it ...
company theatre

company theatre  

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A popular theatre movement that inaugurated the commercial possibilities of theatre in late nineteenth-century India. It is also called Parsi theatre because the Parsi community in Bombay (Mumbai) ...
corridor illusion

corridor illusion  

A visual illusion that causes images of equal size in a perspective picture of a corridor to appear larger the further away they seem to be (see illustration). See also Emmert's law, perspective, ...
Cosimo Rosselli

Cosimo Rosselli  

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(b Florence, 1439; d Florence, ?7 Jan. 1507).Florentine painter. His successful career (the high point of which was painting frescos in the Sistine Chapel, 1481–2, together with Botticelli, ...

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