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personal identity

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Abraham Tucker

Abraham Tucker  

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Philosophy
(1705–74),one of the first writers of the utilitarian school of philosophy. In his great work The Light of Nature Pursued (6 vols, 1768–78) he rejects the moral sense theory of Shaftesbury and ...
allotropy

allotropy  

The existence of elements in two or more different forms (allotropes). In the case of oxygen, there are two forms: ‘normal’ dioxygen (O2) and ozone, or trioxygen (O3). These two allotropes have ...
animalism

animalism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The problem of personal identity emerges from two incontrovertible facts about entities of our kind. First, each of us came into existence at some point in the past, each of ...
Anthony Douglas Woozley

Anthony Douglas Woozley  

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Philosophy
(1912–)Anthony Woozley was born on 14 August 1912. After an early education at Haileybury College (1926–31), he was admitted to Queen's College, Oxford, where he read Greats and had ...
Antony Garrard Newton Flew

Antony Garrard Newton Flew  

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Philosophy
(1923–)Antony Flew was born on 11 February 1923 in Ealing, London, England. He attended St. Faith’s Preparatory School, Kingswood School, and St. John’s College, Oxford, where he earned a ...
Bernard Arthur Owen Williams

Bernard Arthur Owen Williams  

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Philosophy
(1929–2003)English philosopher. Born in Essex, Williams was educated at Balliol College, Oxford, and held Fellowships at All Souls and New College. He was professor of philosophy at Cambridge from ...
Bernard Mandeville

Bernard Mandeville  

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Philosophy
(c.1670–1733)Dutch doctor and moral philosopher. Born in Rotterdam of a distinguished medical family, Mandeville settled in Britain shortly after taking his degree in 1691. He is known for The Fable ...
brain transplants

brain transplants  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A kind of thought experiment frequently used to unsettle our theories of personal identity. Two persons, A and B, enter a scrambling device, after which A (or the person looking like A, and with A's ...
bundle theory of the self

bundle theory of the self  

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Philosophy
Empiricist theory of personal identity particularly associated with David Hume. Hume's view—that we are never aware of our self as a substance, but only as a ‘bundle or collection of ...
Charles Henry Whiteley

Charles Henry Whiteley  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1911–98)C. H. Whiteley was born in Hull on 6 August 1911 and died in Birmingham on 19 May 1998. He was educated at Hymers College in Hull and at ...
Christopher John Fardo Williams

Christopher John Fardo Williams  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1930–97)C. J. F. Williams was born in Walsall on 31 December 1930 and died in Bristol on 25 March 1997. After going to school at Shrewsbury he went up ...
collectivistic cultures

collectivistic cultures  

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Subject:
Media studies
Cultures in which there tends to be more emphasis on norms, social position and relationships, group cohesion, cooperation, and social harmony than on personal identity, individual autonomy, and ...
consciousness

consciousness  

The state of being conscious (1, 2); the normal mental condition of the waking state of humans, characterized by the experience of perceptions, thoughts, feelings, awareness of the external world, ...
consumer culture

consumer culture  

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Subject:
Media studies
See also advertising cultures; taste.1. A pejorative reference to modern Western society in terms of its domination by the marketing and consumption of goods and services (see also promotional ...
cult media

cult media  

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Subject:
Media studies
1. Mass media forms such as music, television, and radio programmes, and above all films, that underperformed or were commercial failures at the time of their release but have subsequently developed ...
David Hume

David Hume  

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Philosophy
(1711–76)Scottish philosopher, economist, and historian. His philosophy rejected the possibility of certainty in knowledge, and he agreed with John Locke that there are no innate ideas, only a series ...
David Pears

David Pears  

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Philosophy
(1921–2009).British philosopher who wrote extensively on topics in the philosophy of language and the philosophy of mind, on Wittgenstein, on Russell, and on Hume. He was a Student of ...
Derek Parfit

Derek Parfit  

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Philosophy
(1942– )English philosopher. Parfit was born in China, and educated at Balliol College, Oxford. In 1967 he gained a Fellowship at All Souls College, Oxford, and has subsequently worked at Oxford, New ...
ego

ego  

(eg-oh)(in psychoanalysis) the part of the mind that develops from a person's experience of the outside world and is most in touch with external realities.
An Essay on Personal Identity

An Essay on Personal Identity  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1769)This 92-page anonymous essay is in two parts: ‘An enquiry whether the same consciousness be essential to, or the sole constituent of, Personal Identity’; and ‘An attempt to discover the real ...

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