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Persian Wars

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Acusilaus

Acusilaus  

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Of Argos, lived ‘before the Persian Wars’ (Josephus Contra Apionem 1–13) and compiled genealogies, translating and correcting Hesiod, with ingenious conjectures but no literary merit.Fragmente der ...
Alcmaeonidae

Alcmaeonidae  

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A noble Athenian family prominent in politics. Its first eminent member was Megacles, who as archon (see archontes), perhaps in 632/1 bc, involved it in a hereditary curse (see Cylon). ...
Aleuadae

Aleuadae  

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Princely family of Larissa in Thessaly. The military and political organization of the federal Thessalian state goes back to Aleuas the Red (second half of the 6th cent. bc). The ...
Areopagus

Areopagus  

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(in ancient Athens) a hill on which was sited the highest governmental council and later a judicial court. The name comes from Greek Areios pagos ‘hill of Ares’; the name for the site came to denote ...
Artemisia

Artemisia  

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Early 5th‐cent. bcruler, under Persian suzerainty, over Halicarnassus and Cos. In the Persian Wars Artemisia accompanied Xerxes' expedition with five ships. Acc. to the Halicarnassian Herodotus, she ...
Asia Minor

Asia Minor  

The term ‘Asia Minor’ denotes the westernmost part of the Asian continent, equivalent to modern Turkey between the Aegean and the Euphrates. The west and south coastal fringes were part of the ...
Athens

Athens  

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The capital of Greece, originally a flourishing city state of ancient Greece, which was an important cultural centre in the 5th century bc.Athens of America Boston.Athens of the North Edinburgh.
Babylon

Babylon  

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An ancient city in Mesopotamia, the capital of Babylonia in the 2nd millennium bc under Hammurabi. The city (of which only ruins now remain) lay on the Euphrates and was noted by Classical writers ...
barbarian

barbarian  

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While we associate Classical culture primarily with emphasis on citizenship (membership of a polis), Classical Greek literature also assigns considerable importance to defining a common Greek ...
battle of Artemisium

battle of Artemisium  

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(480 bc).Pevki bay near Artemisium on the NE coast of Euboea was probably the base of the Greek fleet during the three days of fighting which coincided with the battle of Thermopylae. With fewer and ...
battle of Marathon

battle of Marathon  

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Fought at Marathon in 490 bc, probably near the surviving mound covering the cremated remains of the Athenian dead. The Athenians and their allies from Plataea had c.10,000 men, the Persians perhaps ...
battle of Plataea

battle of Plataea  

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A battle in 479 bc, during the Persian Wars, in which the Persian forces were defeated by the Greeks near the city of Plataea in Boeotia.
battle of Salamis

battle of Salamis  

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(480 bc)A naval battle fought in the Aegean Sea during the Greek-Persian wars. Themistocles, the Greek commander, lured the Persian fleet of Xerxes, the Persian king, into the narrow waters between ...
battle of Thermopylae

battle of Thermopylae  

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In the pass between the mountains and the sea (see preceding entry) 6,000–7,000 Greeks, led by Leonidas king of Sparta, attempted to hold the invading Persians, probably in August 480 bc. See persian ...
Boeotia

Boeotia  

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A region of ancient Greece, of which the chief city was Thebes, according to legend founded by Cadmus. Boeotia was traditionally proverbial among Athenians for the dullness and stupidity of its ...
booty

booty  

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‘It is a law established for all time among all men that when a city is taken in war, the persons and the property of its inhabitants belong to the captors’ (Xenophon, Cyropaedia). ‘Booty’ referred ...
Brennus

Brennus  

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Leader of the Galatian invasion in 279 bc. Following on the heels of another body of Gauls under Bolgius, Brennus overran Macedonia and invaded Greece in autumn. Checked by a ...
Byzantium

Byzantium  

An ancient Greek city, founded in the 7th century bc, at the southern end of the Bosporus, site of the modern city of Istanbul. It was rebuilt by Constantine the Great in ad 324–30 as Constantinople.
Cephallenia

Cephallenia  

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The largest of the western Greek islands, located between Leucas and Zacynthus, due west of the entrance to the Corinthian Gulf. Inhabited as early as the neolithic period, Cephallenia preserves ...
Corfu

Corfu  

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Northernmost of the western Greek islands, located in the Ionian Sea just off the western coast of Epirus. Verdant and remote, Corcyra was identified with Homer's Scheria. During the 8th cent. ...

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