Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

Overview

pencil

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-14 of 14 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

brush

brush  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A painting or drawing implement consisting of flexible fibres set in a handle. Prehistoric artists used materials such as feathers and leaves to apply paint and the Egyptians used an implement ...
charcoal

charcoal  

(char-kohl)a fine black powder, a form of carbon that is the residue from the partial burning of wood and other organic materials. activated c. charcoal that has been treated to increase its ...
conté crayon

conté crayon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A type of hard crayon, named after Nicolas-Jacques Conté (1755–1805), a French scientist who worked as a portrait painter in his youth and invented the modern graphite pencil in the early 1790s. ...
crayon

crayon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Any drawing material made in stick form. Modern coloured crayons are usually encased in wood.
frottage

frottage  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(French: ‘rubbing’).A technique of creating an image by placing a piece of paper over some rough surface such as grained wood or sacking and rubbing the paper with a crayon or pencil until it ...
graphite

graphite  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Mineral—a form of carbon—used as the ‘lead’ in pencils, among other purposes. It is mined in various parts of the world and can also be made synthetically.
lead pencil

lead pencil  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The modern lead pencil was introduced in 1795 and is a writing or drawing tool consisting of a thin rod made from a mixture of graphite, fine clay and binder, which is encased, either in lacquered ...
metalpoint

metalpoint  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Method of drawing using a small metal-tipped rod on paper or other material that has been coated with a special ground. This coating is slightly granular (it contains powdered bone), causing a trace ...
pantograph

pantograph  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An instrument, known since the 17th century, for copying a drawing or design, either same size or on a larger or smaller scale. By a simple system of levers, the ...
plumbago

plumbago  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Plumbago is a black lead or graphite substance, a form of carbon, used in the manufacture of pencils. Plumbago, whether applied by pencil or as a stick of charcoal material ...
propelling pencil

propelling pencil  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A pencil in which a slim cylinder of graphite, known as a lead (see lead pencil), is held within a tubular case, and advanced mechanically for writing. The lead is ...
soft-ground etching

soft-ground etching  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A method of etching that produces prints characterized by softness of line or a grainy texture. The waxy ground used to coat the plate is softer and stickier than in normal etching, so that it ...
stump

stump  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A coil of leather, paper, or felt with blunted points at either end which was used for rubbing on drawings made in graphite, chalk, pastel, or charcoal. Sometimes a tapered ...
underdrawing

underdrawing  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Preliminary drawing for a painting which is then painted over. As paint, especially oil paint, often becomes more transparent with age, so the underdrawing sometimes becomes visible to the naked eye. ...

View: