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American Peace Society

American Peace Society  

A pacifist group founded in 1828 that was the first nationally based secular peace organization in American history. Based in Boston, the society organized peace conferences and published a ...
Anwar Sadat

Anwar Sadat  

Born to a modest peasant family, Anwar Sadat (1918–1981) rose through the army to play a prominent part in Egyptian political life, first as a key figure in the anti-British ...
Arab-Israeli Conflict

Arab-Israeli Conflict  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Ongoing conflict between Arabs and Israel over Palestinian territory. The origins of the conflict lie in the Balfour Declaration (1917), which promised “a national home for the Jewish people,” and in ...
balance of power

balance of power  

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Overview Page
Probably the oldest concept in the study of International Relations going back at least to the work of Thucydides. It is closely associated with both diplomatic parlance and realist theory. Its logic ...
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace  

The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace was founded in 1910 using funding provided by the industrialist Andrew Carnegie. It was established as a private, nonprofit organization with the goal ...
Civil-Military Relations

Civil-Military Relations  

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Overview Page
Americans have traditionally been suspicious of military governance, a distrust that stems from their belief in individual liberty, representative government, and civilian control of the military. ...
confidentiality

confidentiality  

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Overview Page
The process of and obligation to keep a transaction, documents, etc., private and secret, i.e., confidential; the right to withhold information, e.g. medical information, from others.
Deuteronomist

Deuteronomist  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Either a single preacher or a group of like‐minded teachers in Judah who imposed a theological view with a distinctive oratorical style on the books of the OT, especially from Deuteronomy to 2 Kings ...
disarmament

disarmament  

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Overview Page
The process or policy of reducing levels of armaments, especially in the nuclear age, with the implication that possession of arms itself stimulates conflict. It is distinct from arms control—the ...
Disciplinary Views of War

Disciplinary Views of War  

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Overview Page
AnthropologyCultural HistoryCauses‐of‐War StudiesDiplomatic HistoryEconomicsFeminist and Gender StudiesHistory of Science and TechnologyMilitary HistoryPeace HistoryPolitical Science and ...
drink

drink  

Drink someone under the table consume as much alcohol as one's drinking companion without becoming as drunk.he that drinks beer, thinks beer proverbial saying, early 19th century, warning against the ...
foreign trade

foreign trade  

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Overview Page
Trade in goods and services across national borders. See also exports; imports.
gender and War

gender and War  

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Overview Page
(see also women in the military). In the growing literature examining the issue of gender and war, the term ‘gender’ refers not to biological differences between men and women but ...
Great Lakes Region

Great Lakes Region  

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Overview Page
No region of the African continent has known as much political strife, loss of life, and social dislocation during the last forty years as the Great Lakes Region. This is ...
humanitarian intervention

humanitarian intervention  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A doctrine that purports to justify an intervention into a foreign state on humanitarian grounds, often involving use of armed force without the consent of the foreign state, particularly where ...
idealism

idealism  

[Th]The theoretical position that phenomena and events exist only in so far as they are perceived as ideas. The idealist believes that thoughts are prior to actions, and that the mental or cognitive ...
International Court of Justice

International Court of Justice  

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Overview Page
A court at The Hague, consisting of fifteen judges elected for nine‐year terms of office, that has power to determine disputes relating to international law. It was set up by the United Nations in ...
international law

international law  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The system of law regulating the interrelationship of sovereign states and their rights and duties with regard to one another. In addition, certain international organizations (such as the United ...
Jeannette Rankin

Jeannette Rankin  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1880–1973), pacifist, suffragist, and congresswoman.After successfully leading the suffragist movement in Montana, Jeannette Rankin became the first woman elected to Congress. A progressive ...
League of Nations

League of Nations  

An organization for international cooperation established in 1919 by the Versailles Peace Settlement. A League covenant embodying the principles of collective security, arbitration of international ...

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