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Adriano Olivetti

Adriano Olivetti  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1901–60)brought to his position as president of one of the great Italian industries (Olivetti, founded by his father Camillo) a visionary commitment to the renewal of society. He founded ...
Agnolo Firenzuola

Agnolo Firenzuola  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1493–1543),Italian author, a native of Florence who studied law, became a Vallombrosan monk (1517), and was released from his monastic vows by papal dispensation in 1526. In 1534 he ...
Alain-René Lesage

Alain-René Lesage  

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Literature
(1668–1747)French playwright and novelist. Lesage went to Paris about 1690, writing comedies adapted from Spanish plays by Rojas and Lope de Vega. His first real successes came in 1707 ...
Angelo Poliziano

Angelo Poliziano  

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Literature
 (1454–94) Florentine humanist, the foremost vernacular poet and classical scholar of his day.A Medici protégé, he had easy access to ancient literature; through intense study of it he made ...
Ann Yearsley

Ann Yearsley  

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Literature
(1752–1806),the daughter of a dairywoman, pursued her mother's trade. She published three collections of poems (Poems, on Several Occasions, 1785; Poems on Various Subjects, 1787; The Rural Lyre, ...
Annibale Caro

Annibale Caro  

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Literature
(1507–66).Writer, translator, critic, and academician. Born and educated in Civitanova Marche, he moved to Florence in 1525 as tutor to Lorenzo Lenzi, curtailing his own studies but coming into ...
Anton Francesco Doni

Anton Francesco Doni  

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Literature
(1513–74),Italian popular writer and satirist, born in Florence, the son of a scissors-maker; he entered the Servite Order and then travelled for many years in northern Italy, publishing some ...
Antonio Malatesti

Antonio Malatesti  

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Literature
(1610–72).Florentine comic poet. He studied astrology and painting but worked in commerce until Ferdinando III de'Medici's patronage allowed him to dedicate himself to writing. He composed a ...
Antonio Martínez de Cala Nebrija

Antonio Martínez de Cala Nebrija  

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 (1444–1522) Grammarian, lexicographer, historian, and editor, credited with bringing Renaissance humanism to Spain.He held chairs of grammar and rhetoric at Salamanca and Alcalá, but much of his ...
art

art  

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Overview Page
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Religion
It has been said that while the Greeks taught the holiness of beauty, the Hebrews taught the beauty of holiness. This is an unfortunate generalization, although it is true to say that the ancient. ...
Art Market

Art Market  

Before offering an account of its historical development, it is first necessary to define what is meant by art market. An art market differs from the situation in which art ...
Arts Council of Great Britain

Arts Council of Great Britain  

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The main channel for the distribution of public money in subsidies to the British theatre and other arts. It is in essence a continuation of the Council for the Encouragement ...
Authorship

Authorship  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
For more than two centuries “authorship” has been conceived by American readers in Romantic terms—that is, as the creation, by a stable and individual consciousness, of an original idea or ...
Benjamin Robert Haydon

Benjamin Robert Haydon  

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(1786–1846).A historical painter, born in Plymouth, the son of a painter and publisher, Haydon is now chiefly remembered for his Autobiography and Memoirs, published in 1853.
Benjamin West

Benjamin West  

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(b Springfield [now Swarthmore], nr. Philadelphia, 10 Oct. 1738; d London, 11 Mar. 1820).American history and portrait painter who spent almost all his career in England. After early success as a ...
Benvenuto Cellini

Benvenuto Cellini  

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(1500–71),Italian goldsmith and sculptor, the most renowned goldsmith of his day. His work is characterized by its elaborate virtuosity. His autobiography is famous for its racy style and its vivid ...
Bernardo Bellincioni

Bernardo Bellincioni  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1452–92).Florentine poet, from a poor family, but, like Luigi Pulci, and later Poliziano, he early attracted the attention of Lorenzo de' Medici, becoming from 1469/70 part of Lorenzo's inner ...
Bernardo Morando

Bernardo Morando  

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Literature
(1589–1656),born into a rich Genoese family, worked in commerce in Piacenza, where he also enjoyed the patronage of the Dukes of Parma. He later took holy orders. His poems ...
bestiary

bestiary  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A description of animal life in verse or prose, in which the characteristics of real and fabulous beasts (like the phoenix or the unicorn) are given edifying religious meanings. This kind of allegory ...
Book Trade

Book Trade  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
[see also Libraries; Literacy; Manuscripts; Printing in France until 1600]1. An Unchanging RegimeThe organization of the French book industry changed little between the age of Gutenberg and the ...

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