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Overview

paradigm

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absent signifier

absent signifier  

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Overview Page
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Media studies
1. A particular feature which is perceived as missing from a representation in any medium, especially where it is ‘notable by its absence’, breaching expectations. See also commutation test; ...
axiom

axiom  

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A generally accepted and perhaps self-evident principle, maxim, or rule, based on empirical observations, logical analysis of evidence, or universal experience.
axis of selection

axis of selection  

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Subject:
Media studies
A structuralist term for the ‘vertical’ axis in the analysis of a textual structure: the plane of the paradigm (Jakobson). Compare combination, axis of.
binary opposition

binary opposition  

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Subject:
Literature
(semiotics) A pair of mutually-exclusive signifiers in a paradigm set representing categories which are logically opposed and which together define a complete universe of discourse: for example, ...
Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin  

(1809–82)British naturalist, who studied medicine in Edinburgh followed by theology at Cambridge University, intending a career in the Church. However, his interest in natural history led him to ...
contiguous

contiguous  

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Subject:
Media studies
Very close or connected without a break, sharing a common boundary or edge. For example, the contiguous states of the USA do not include Alaska and Hawaii.
effects tradition

effects tradition  

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Subject:
Media studies
A paradigm in academic media research which focused on what was initially assumed to be the potentially major influence of the mass media on their audiences (see also hypodermic model). Heavily ...
episteme

episteme  

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Literature
Foucault's term for the total set of relations within a particular historical period uniting the discursive practices which generate its epistemologies. See also discourse; discursive formation; ...
epistemic Communities

epistemic Communities  

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Media studies
Compare imagined community; interpretive community; virtual community.1. A group of people with shared knowledge, expertise, beliefs, or ways of looking at the world: for example, ‘the scientific ...
falsificationism

falsificationism  

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A doctrine associated with the philosopher of science Karl Raimund Popper, which holds that the testing of theories is the means by which science advances. To be testable and thus ...
Gaston Bachelard

Gaston Bachelard  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1884–1962)French philosopher of science, largely self-taught, who from 1940 to 1955 was the professor of history and philosophy of science at the Sorbonne in Paris. Bachelard propounds a view of ...
human exceptionalism paradigm

human exceptionalism paradigm  

(HEP)The view (paradigm) that humans are different from all other organisms, all human behaviour is controlled by culture and free will, and all problems can be solved by human ingenuity and ...
incommensurability

incommensurability  

Measurement requires common units of measurement along a single continuum or scale for comparing ‘objects’. If these requirements are not met then the apparent measurements are said to be ...
inflection

inflection  

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Subject:
Linguistics
1. The modulation of vocal intonation or pitch.2. A change in the form of a word to indicate a grammatical function: e.g. adding the letter ‘s’ to make a simple plural in English.3. Often used in ...
Kuhnian

Kuhnian  

Of or relating to the ideas and writings of the US historian and philosopher of science Thomas S(amuel) Kuhn (1922–96), especially his distinction between normal science and scientific revolution and ...
mechanism

mechanism  

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Subject:
Philosophy
The belief that everything can be explained in ways modelled on 17th-century conceptions of scientific explanation. This took its paradigm from the quantitative laws governing the interactions of ...
methodology

methodology  

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Subject:
Philosophy
1. The philosophical evaluation of how knowledge and inquiry are framed within an academic discipline or school of thought: see also epistemology; paradigm.2. (research methods) The design of a ...
metonymy

metonymy  

A figure of speech in which a word denoting an attribute comes to be substituted for the thing referred to, as in the phrase the crown, denoting the king or queen, or the bench, denoting a collection ...
Michel Serres

Michel Serres  

(1930–)Frenchphilosopher of science. Born in Agen, in south-western France, Serres studied at naval college and the École Normale Supérieure. Following his agrégation in 1955, he did his compulsory ...
model

model  

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Representation of reality in which the main features of some aspect of the real world are presented in simplified terms in order to make that aspect easier to comprehend, and often to facilitate the ...

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