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papyrus

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Acts, Documentary

Acts, Documentary  

Documents of a formal nature, preserved in original or in copy, and varying according to their author and the nature and importance of the question they concern.Physical CharacteristicsNormally ...
Arabic papyri

Arabic papyri  

Employed from at least 2000 bc in Egypt, its land of origin, the papyrus was used by the Arabs following their conquest of that country in 640. Its Islamic utilization ...
Austrian National Library

Austrian National Library  

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Overview Page
One of the great libraries of the world, the OeNB is international in scope. Founded in the second half of the 14th century as the heir to the Habsburg Imperial ...
Book of the Dead

Book of the Dead  

Refers to a large collection of funerary texts of various dates, containing magical formulas, hymns, and prayers believed by the ancient Egyptians to guide and protect the soul (Ka) in its journey ...
Bookbinding

Bookbinding  

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The art of sewing quires together within a cover into a single codex. The last step in manuscript book production, binding protected codices and kept their contents in order. Most ...
Byblos

Byblos  

An ancient Mediterranean seaport, situated on the site of modern Jebeil, to the north of Beirut in Lebanon. An important trading centre with strong links with Egypt, it became a thriving Phoenician ...
charter

charter  

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(Latin, carta, “written document”) A legal document from a ruler or government, conferring rights or laying down a constitution. Charters in England date from the 7th century, when they were used to ...
charter, charter-room

charter, charter-room  

The term “charter”, in its meaning of a written document constituting a title, is derived from the Greek word kartè (Papyrus leaf). It has been in current use since Merovingian ...
codex

codex  

An ancient manuscript text in book form. The word comes (in the late 16th century, denoting a collection of statutes or set of rules) from Latin, literally ‘block of wood’, later denoting a block ...
codicology

codicology  

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A term of modern coinage, ‘codicology’ denotes the study of manuscript books, or codices, in all aspects, including their physical structure, texts, script, binding, decoration, and other features of ...
Copts

Copts  

A native Egyptian in the Hellenistic and Roman periods; a member of the Coptic Church. Coptic, the language of the Copts, represents the final stage of ancient Egyptian. It now survives only as the ...
cursive

cursive  

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Written with the characters joined. The term dates from the late 18th century, and comes via medieval Latin from Latin curs- ‘run’.
Dead Sea Scrolls

Dead Sea Scrolls  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A collection of Hebrew and Aramaic manuscripts, the first of which were found in 1947 by shepherds in a cave near the north-western shore of the Dead Sea. They belonged to the library of the Jewish ...
Flora

Flora  

Egypt's natural flora is shaped by two basically different climatic conditions, the arid desert areas and the humid Nile Valley. There are also the Mediterranean climate along a narrow coastal ...
flower

flower  

The reproductive structure of angiosperm plants. It consists generally of sepals, petals, and stamens and/or carpels. It is basically a highly modified leafy shoot.
grammars

grammars  

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Overview Page
As workbooks conceived to respond to practical demands, grammar books should be viewed within the context of schools and teaching methods. The pedagogical models transmitted from Graeco-Roman ...
Henry Austin

Henry Austin  

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(b Hamden, CT, 12 April 1804; d New Haven, 12 Nov 1891),architect. Austin was based in New Haven, from where his work and influence spread over much of Connecticut ...
hieroglyph

hieroglyph  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
A stylized picture of an object representing a word, syllable, or sound, as found in ancient Egyptian and certain other writing systems.
illustration

illustration  

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Although any text bearing drawings or designs of any kind may generally be described as illustrated, an illustrated manuscript is properly one that is embellished with pictures or illustrations, ...
Latin Manuscripts

Latin Manuscripts  

In comparison with what may have been produced, only few Latin manuscripts still exist, and only the most substantial of those will be taken into account here: manuscript books on ...

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