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Pannonia

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Antonio da Butrio

Antonio da Butrio  

(1338–1408)This celebrated Decretalist was venerated in his lifetime both for his qualities as a professor and for the example of his religious and moral virtues. His university career was ...
Aquincum

Aquincum  

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On the Danube at Budapest, was the centre of the Illyrian-Celtic Eravisci, whose settlement lay on the Gellért hill, later the provincial capital of Lower Pannonia. Throughout the Roman period ...
Árpáds

Árpáds  

The modern name for the native dynasty of kings of Hungary, taking their origin from Duke Árpád († after 900), under whom the Hungarians occupied the Carpathian basin. Up to ...
Aulus Plautius

Aulus Plautius  

Commanded the Roman invasion of Britain in ad 43. Consul in 29, he had probably governed Pannonia on the middle Danube; experience together with political and family influence made him a suitable ...
Aulus Vitellius

Aulus Vitellius  

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(ad 15–69),Roman emperor in 69, son of Lucius Vitellius, was friendly with Gaius (1), Claudius, and Nero. Consul in 48, he became proconsul of Africa (see pro consule; africa, roman), then served as ...
auxilia

auxilia  

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[Ge]Latin name for the units comprising auxiliaries or non‐citizens in the Roman army, usually 500 or 100 strong.
Avaro-Slav invasions

Avaro-Slav invasions  

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Slavs and Avars were the Roman empire's main enemies on the Danube frontier in the late 6th and early 7th cents. ad. The Slavs arrived first, agriculturalists with rudimentary social ...
Avars

Avars  

A member of a nomadic equestrian people from central Asia who built up a large kingdom in SE Europe from the 6th century but were conquered by Charlemagne (791–9).
Brigetio

Brigetio  

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O-Szőny on the Danube, was first an auxiliary station, then a legionary fortress and city, in Pannonia, in the territory of the Azali. Built by a vexillatio (‘detachment’) from three ...
Bulgars

Bulgars  

[CP]Originally Asiatic nomads who inhabited the shores of the Black Sea at the end of the 5th century ad but after ad 679 they crossed the Danube and founded a state in the old province of Moesia.
Burebistas

Burebistas  

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(RE 3. 2903–5, 4. 1958–60; Suppl. 1. 261–4),king of the Dacians (see Dacia), built up an extensive but impermanent empire in the Danubian lands (c. 60–44 bc). With a ...
Carnuntum

Carnuntum  

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On the Danube (Danuvius) between Petronell and Deutsch-Altenburg, was an important Roman military base and the seat of government of Pannonia (Upper). At first part of Noricum, Carnuntum was probably ...
Cassius Dio

Cassius Dio  

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(c. ad 164–after 229),Greek senator and author of an 80‐book history of Rome from the foundation of the city to ad 229. Dio came from a prominent family of Nicaea in Bithynia. He was praetor in 194 ...
Claudius Pompeianus, Tiberius

Claudius Pompeianus, Tiberius  

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(RE 282)from Antioch (1) in Syria, of equestrian origin, had a brilliant senatorial career; as governor of Lower Pannonia (ad 167) he confronted the first barbarian invasions that developed ...
Croats

Croats  

The Croats (in Croatian Hrvati), an ancient people whose ethnic origin is not completely explained, left their original home north of the Carpathians (White Croatia, near Cracow, in the upper ...
Danube

Danube  

Ancient name for the Danube, originally denoted only the upper course down to the whirlpools and cataracts of the Iron Gates below Belgrade. This stretch remained unknown to the Greeks, long ...
Emona

Emona  

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Was a city in SW Pannonia on the main route between NE Italy and the Danube. Under Augustus it had been a legionary base occupied by Legio XV Apollinaris: on ...
Franks

Franks  

A member of a Germanic people that conquered Gaul in the 6th century and controlled much of western Europe for several centuries afterwards. Also (in the eastern Mediterranean region), a person of ...
Galba

Galba  

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(c. 3 bc–ad 69),Roman emperor ad 68–9. The successor to Nero, he aroused hostility by his severity and parsimony and was murdered in a conspiracy organized by his successor Otho in the Year of the ...
Glitius, Atilius Agricola, Quintus

Glitius, Atilius Agricola, Quintus  

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(RE Suppl. 3. 786ff.; Suppl. 12. 381)from Augusta (3) Taurinorum (Turin), perhaps of senatorial family, Trajan's general, known from inscriptions (Inscriptiones Latinae Selectae 1021, 1021a (=E. M. ...

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