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Panaetius

(c. 185—109 bc)

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Antipater

Antipater  

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Of Tarsus (2nd cent. bc), Stoic, succeeded Diogenes (3) of Babylon as head of the Stoa at Athens, and taught Panaetius. His basic positions differed little from those of Chrysippus ...
Aristarchus

Aristarchus  

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Of Samothrace (c.216–144 bc), sat at the feet of Aristophanes of Byzantium at Alexandria. He became head of the Alexandrian Library c.153. On the accession of Ptolemy VIII (145) he left Alexandria ...
Cornēlius Scīpiō Aemiliānus Africānus (Numantīnus), Publius

Cornēlius Scīpiō Aemiliānus Africānus (Numantīnus), Publius  

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B. 185/4 bc as second son of Aemilius Paullus (2), adopted as a child by Cornelius Scipio, son of Cornelius Scipio Africanus. In 168 he fought under Paullus at Pydna. Back in Rome, he met Polybius, ...
Cynics

Cynics  

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A member of a school of ancient Greek philosophers founded by Antisthenes, marked by an ostentatious contempt for ease and pleasure. The movement flourished in the 3rd century bc and revived in the ...
Dicaearchus

Dicaearchus  

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Of Messana,Greek polymath and prolific writer, pupil of Aristotle and contemporary of Theophrastus and Aristoxenus: fl. c.320–300 bc. Fragments only survive of his works, but they show a remarkable ...
Diogenes

Diogenes  

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Of Babylon (c. 240–152 bc), succeeded Zeno (3) of Tarsus as head of the Stoa (see Stoicism). His visit to Rome in 156–155 stimulated interest in Stoicism. Panaetius was his ...
eclecticism

eclecticism  

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(Greek, eklegein, to choose)An eclectic position in philosophy or religion is one that seeks to combine the best elements of other views.
Fannius Gaius

Fannius Gaius  

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(RE 7),Roman politician. Son-in-law of C. Laelius (2) and pupil of Panaetius, he became tribune (?130s bc), praetor (?126), and was then elected consul for 122 with the backing ...
Gaius Laelius

Gaius Laelius  

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(c.190–after 129bc),closest friend of Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus. He became involved with the embassy of Athenian philosophers (155), esp. the Stoic Diogenēs, and with Panaetius, whose work he was ...
Hecaton

Hecaton  

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Of Rhodes, Stoic (see Stoicism), pupil of Panaetius, wrote mainly on ethics and was, after Panaetius and Posidonius (2), the most influential Stoic of the ‘middle Stoic’ period. His works ...
Lindus

Lindus  

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Was the most important of the three independent Dorian cities of Rhodes until the synoecism with Ialysus and Camirus created the federal Rhodian state in 408/7 bc. The city occupies ...
Posidonius

Posidonius  

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[Na]Philosopher and historian, born c.135 bc in Apamea, Syria, but afterwards settling in Rhodes. His principal work, a History, occupied 52 books but is no longer extant. Fragments do, however, ...
Rhodes

Rhodes  

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The largest of the Dodecanese Islands in the SE Aegean, which in the late Bronze Age became a significant trading nation and dominant power; its capital, Rhodes, a port on the northernmost tip of the ...
Rutilius Rufus, Publius

Rutilius Rufus, Publius  

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B. c.160 bc, studied philosophy under Panaetius (becoming a firm Stoic), law under Mucius Scaevola (becoming an expert jurist), and oratory under Sulpicius Galba (without becoming an effective ...
Scipio Aemilianus

Scipio Aemilianus  

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(c. 185–129bc)Roman general and politician. He achieved distinction in the third Punic War, and blockaded and destroyed Carthage in 146. His successful campaign in Spain (133) ended organized ...
Scipionic Circle

Scipionic Circle  

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Is a term used to describe P. Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus and his friends, who were considered to be a group sharing the same cultural and even political outlook. The concept ...
Stoicism

Stoicism  

An ancient Greek school of philosophy founded at Athens by Zeno of Citium, and named for the Stoa in which he taught. The school taught that virtue, the highest good, is based on knowledge; the wise ...

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