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Arabic papyri

Arabic papyri  

Employed from at least 2000 bc in Egypt, its land of origin, the papyrus was used by the Arabs following their conquest of that country in 640. Its Islamic utilization ...
archive

archive  

A historical document. The plural form is also applied to the place where such documents are housed, e.g. a county record office.
art and architecture: Anglo-Norman

art and architecture: Anglo-Norman  

When the Normans conquered England in 1066, there was an extraordinary and thriving artistic tradition already in place, particularly in regard to manuscript illumination. While the political and ...
Auxiliary Disciplines

Auxiliary Disciplines  

(from Lat. auxilium, “help, assistance”), designation of certain branches of knowledge that apply general and concrete approaches (methodology and technique) to the analysis (primarily the external ...
Bangor Antiphonary

Bangor Antiphonary  

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Subject:
Religion
Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana MS C. 5. inf. The MS was probably written at Bangor, northern Ireland, between 680 and 692. At some point in the early Middle Ages, Irish monks ...
Ben'o Tsonev

Ben'o Tsonev  

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 (1863–1926) Bulgarian scholar,known for his pioneering works in linguistics and palaeography. His History of the Bulgarian Language (1919–37) was the first fundamental work in this field, and his ...
Bernard de Montfaucon

Bernard de Montfaucon  

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(1655–1741),one of the foremost Maurist patristic scholars. After embarking on a military career he joined the Maurist Benedictine congregation in 1676. He produced splendid editions of St Athanasius ...
black letter

black letter  

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Sometimes used popularly as the English equivalent for the whole gothic type family, both early and more recent; the term also refers to scripts that developed from the 12th century. ...
books, Greek and Roman

books, Greek and Roman  

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Books existed in Egypt long before they came into use in Greece. Systems of writing had been invented and developed for administrative purposes in both Egypt and Mesopotamia by c.3000 bc. While the ...
carbon dating

carbon dating  

The determination of the age of an organic object from the relative proportions of the carbon isotopes carbon-12 and carbon-14 that it contains. The ratio between them changes as radioactive ...
charter

charter  

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(Latin, carta, “written document”) A legal document from a ruler or government, conferring rights or laying down a constitution. Charters in England date from the 7th century, when they were used to ...
codicology

codicology  

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A term of modern coinage, ‘codicology’ denotes the study of manuscript books, or codices, in all aspects, including their physical structure, texts, script, binding, decoration, and other features of ...
dated and datable manuscripts

dated and datable manuscripts  

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Medieval MSS other than charters are rarely precisely dated. It is, however, possible to date a MS, using various means: by the known dates of individuals associated with it, or ...
dating

dating  

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It is possible approximately to date some undated MSS by the handwriting (to within a quarter of a century), by the style of illustration (see 16) or decoration (the latter ...
Deeds of Sale

Deeds of Sale  

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Subject:
Religion
The so-called Samaria papyri were discovered in 1962–1963 in a cave at Wadi ed-Daliyeh near Jericho, where wealthy people from Samaria hid their documents and themselves during the revolt against ...
Derveni

Derveni  

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See Dionysus (Derveni crater); Orphic literature; Orphism; palaeography, Introduction (Derveni papyrus); papyrology, Greek.
diplomatic

diplomatic  

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The term ‘diplomatic’ can have three different, if related, meanings in a manuscript context.‘Diplomatic’, the term used in this sense from the seventeenth century onwards, is the science or ...
edit

edit  

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Subject:
Music
1. v. See editing.2. n. A specific change made to an audio- or audiovisual recording.3. n. An edited version of an audio- or audiovisual recording.
epigraphy

epigraphy  

The term “epigraphy”comes from the Greek epigráphein, “to write on”. It designates what is written to be brought to public knowledge in a lasting way. To ensure this publicity, inscriptions ...
gloss

gloss  

(Hungarian) Marginal and interlinear glosses in the Hungarian vernacular in ML MSS, usually identified by their provenance or present location, such as the Leuven glosses (13th century; Budapest), ...

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