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Robert Owen

(1771—1858) socialist and philanthropist

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Alexander Campbell

Alexander Campbell  

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Overview Page
(1796–1870)Campbell was born in 1796 near the point of Skipness, in Kintyre, Argyllshire. He died at his home in North Coburg Street, Glasgow, on 10 February 1870. He was ...
Anna Wheeler

Anna Wheeler  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1785–1848)Closely associated with Mary Wollstonecraft, Anna Wheeler was a radical feminist and an Irish Protestant. A keen advocate of women's rights, she wrote that ‘with the emancipation of women ...
associationism

associationism  

A psychological doctrine concerning the attraction between mental elements or ideas, first suggested in a chapter entitled ‘Of the Association of Ideas’ that the English empiricist philosopher John ...
Benjamin Godwin

Benjamin Godwin  

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Philosophy
(1785–1871)Benjamin Godwin was born in Bath on 10 October 1785 and died in Bradford on 20 February 1871. At the age of fifteen he ran away to sea; he ...
Caroline Bray

Caroline Bray  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
née(1814–1905) British novelistRichard Barton; or, The Wounded Bird (1873) FictionPaul Bradley (1876) FictionBranded; or, The Sins of the Fathers Shall Be Visited on the Children (1888) ...
Charles Bradlaugh

Charles Bradlaugh  

(1833–91)British social reformer. A republican and keen supporter of reform movements, he was tried, with Annie Besant, in 1877–78 for printing a pamphlet on birth control. The charge failed and ...
Charles Fourier

Charles Fourier  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1772–1837)French social reformer. Persuaded that the competitive principles of civilization had created unhappiness by establishing inequality of wealth and repressing human passions, Fourier ...
Chartism

Chartism  

A UK parliamentary reform movement of 1837–48, the principles of which were set out in a manifesto called The People's Charter (the name is first used in an address of 1838 by the Chartist William ...
Christian Socialism

Christian Socialism  

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Overview Page
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Religion
A 19th-cent. movement for social reform initiated by members of the C of E. The first phase, beginning in 1848, was an attempt to counter Chartism within the working classes by providing an ...
communism

communism  

A theory of classless society with common ownership of property and wealth and centrally planned production and distribution based on the principle ‘from everyone according to their skills, to ...
co-operative movement

co-operative movement  

An organization owned by and run for the benefit of its members. First developed in many of the new industrial towns in Britain at the end of the 18th century, the Cooperative Movement was largely an ...
Edmund Wilson

Edmund Wilson  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1895–1972),American author. He served abroad during the First World War, an experience which inspired verse and short stories published in The Undertaker's Garland (1922, with J. P. Bishop). He ...
factory system

factory system  

The ‘factory system’ has been an important element in the accelerating processes of industrialization known as the industrial revolution. As British industrial enterprises expanded in the 18th cent., ...
Frances Wright

Frances Wright  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1795–1852),Scottish-born free-thinker and author, who spent two years in the U.S. (1818–20), where she produced her play Altorf (1819), about the Swiss fight for independence, and toured the country ...
garden city

garden city  

A new town that has been designed with a special emphasis on natural landscaping and retaining a rural atmosphere.
George Jacob Holyoake

George Jacob Holyoake  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1817–1906)George Jacob Holyoake was born in Birmingham on 13 April 1817 and died in Brighton on 22 January 1906. He was the second child and eldest son of George ...
Grand National Consolidated Trade Union

Grand National Consolidated Trade Union  

Founded in 1834 by delegates of societies nation‐wide in response to calls of Derby artisans and labourers ‘locked out’ for belonging to ‘combinations’. It was associated with Robert Owen, who became ...
James Bonar

James Bonar  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1852–1852)Bonar was born 27 September 1852 in the Free Church manse in Collace, near Perth, and died in Hampstead, London on 18 January 1941. He was brought up in ...
James O'Brien

James O'Brien  

(1805–64).Dubbed ‘the schoolmaster of chartism’. An Irish barrister, O'Brien was the most theoretical of the chartists and might have rivalled O'Connor for the leadership but for his unstable ...
John Chapman

John Chapman  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
 (1821–94) English publisher.Chapman’s publishing business (acquired in 1844) provided an important forum for intellectual debate, issuing George Eliot’s translations of Strauss and Feuerbach, ...

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