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Orsini family

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Albania

Albania  

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Overview Page
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History
One of the poorest of the former communist states, Albania is now moving towards the European UnionThough Albania is a coastal country, not much of its territory is at sea level. Mountains make up ...
Angelo Poliziano

Angelo Poliziano  

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Literature
 (1454–94) Florentine humanist, the foremost vernacular poet and classical scholar of his day.A Medici protégé, he had easy access to ancient literature; through intense study of it he made ...
Borgia

Borgia  

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Literature
The family name of Rodrigo Borgia (1431–1503), later Pope Alexander VI, and his illegitimate children Cesare (c. 1476–1507) and Lucrezia (1480–1519); their traditional reputation was for ruthless ...
Celestine III

Celestine III  

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Religion
(c.1106–98), Pope from 1191. He defended Abelard at the Council of Sens (1140) and later urged Thomas Becket to adopt a less intransigent attitude. Elected Pope in his 85th year, his reign was marked ...
Colonna family

Colonna family  

A Ghibelline family that held large estates in the Papal State south of Rome and in the kingdom of Naples; the Colonna were the perpetual rivals of the Orsini, whose ...
conclave

conclave  

In the Roman Catholic Church, the assembly of cardinals for the election of a pope; the meeting place for such an assembly. The word is recorded from late Middle English (denoting a private room) and ...
condottieri

condottieri  

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(Italian condotta, ‘contract’) The leader of a medieval mercenary band of soldiers. Mercenaries flourished in the climate of economic prosperity and inter-municipal warfare of 14th- and 15th-century ...
Giovanna II di Durazzo

Giovanna II di Durazzo  

(1371–1435),Queen of Naples, the daughter of King Carlo III of Naples and sister of King Ladislas of Durazzo; she was married to Duke Wilhelm of Austria, who died in ...
Gregory IX, Pope

Gregory IX, Pope  

(c.1170–1241)Ugo (or Ugolino) was born c.1170 into the family of the Conti de Segni, who held possessions in the region of Anagni. His degree of kinship with Innocent III ...
Guidobaldo da Montefeltro

Guidobaldo da Montefeltro  

(1472–1508),Duke of Urbino, was the last Montefeltro ruler of Urbino. He succeeded his father Federico II da Montefeltro in 1482. He fought as a condottiere against France in the ...
Lorenzo de' Medici

Lorenzo de' Medici  

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Literature
(1449–92)Aged 20 he became joint ruler of Florence with his brother Giuliano. In 1478 the brothers were the targets of a plot organized by the rival Pazzi family and the pope: Giuliano was killed but ...
Masolino da Panicale

Masolino da Panicale  

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(b ?Panicale, ?c.1383; d ?c.1435/40).Italian painter, an enigmatic and intriguing figure. He presumably came from Panicale in Umbria, and he worked in various places in Italy (and also in Hungary), ...
Nicholas III

Nicholas III  

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Religion
(25 Nov. 1277–22 Aug. 1280)After John XXI's unexpected death the seven cardinals took six months to choose a successor. The most obvious candidate was Giovanni Gaetano, born in Rome 1210/20 as son of ...
Orsini, villa

Orsini, villa  

A villa in Bomarzo, 21 kilometres (13 miles) north-east of Viterbo. The villa is a converted castle perched on top of a hill, below which a rudimentary terraced garden was ...
papacy

papacy  

The office of the pope (Bishop of Rome), derives its name from the Greek papas and Latin papa, which are familiar forms of ‘father’. In early times many bishops and even priests were called popes, ...
Plautus

Plautus  

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Comic playwright, author of fabulae palliatae (see fabula) between c.205 and 184 bc; plays by Plautus are the earliest Latin works to have survived complete. Varro drew up a list of 21 plays which ...
Romagna

Romagna  

The history of Romagna begins in the 6th c. with the political division of the region of Italy situated on the shore of the Adriatic, south of the Po and ...
Rome

Rome  

According to tradition the ancient city was founded by Romulus (after whom it is named) in 753 bc on the Palatine Hill; as it grew it spread to the other six hills of Rome (Aventine, Caelian, ...
Sixtus IV

Sixtus IV  

(1414–84),Pope from 9 August 1471 until his death on 12 August 1484, was born Francesco della Rovere in Celle (near Savona) on 21 July 1414, the son of poor ...
St Celestine V

St Celestine V  

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Religion
(c.1215–96), Pope from July to Dec. 1294. He became a Benedictine at the age of 17, but retired to Monte Morrone, where the many disciples who gathered round him became the nucleus of the Celestine ...

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