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Origen

(c. 185—254) Christian scholar and theologian

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Adamantius

Adamantius  

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The name of the orthodox protagonist in the 4th-cent. dialogue De recta in Deum fidei, and commonly supposed to be its author. It is a disputation first with two disciples of Marcion and then with ...
adoration

adoration  

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Religion
In strict terminology ‘adoration’ denotes an act of worship due to God alone. In early times the word was sometimes used loosely to include the veneration paid to persons and objects of a sacred ...
Africanus, Sextus Julius

Africanus, Sextus Julius  

Roman author; born Jerusalem ca.160, died ca.240. Circa 221 Africanus wrote his Chronographies in Greek, which is preserved now only in fragments; it was either a world history or tables ...
agape

agape  

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Religion
In Christian theology, Christian love, especially as distinct from erotic love or simple affection; a communal meal in token of Christian fellowship, as held by early Christians in commemoration of ...
Alexandria

Alexandria  

The chief port and second‐largest city of Egypt, on the Mediterranean coast, northwest of Cairo. Founded in 332 bc by Alexander the Great, after whom it is named, it became a major centre of ...
Alexandrian School

Alexandrian School  

The school of Platonism coupled with Christian elements that flourished in Alexandria for the two centuries before the city was captured by Arabs in 642. Its most famous member was Hypatia.
Alexandrian text

Alexandrian text  

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An early form of the Greek text of the NT, now frequently equated with the Neutral text.
Alexandrian theology

Alexandrian theology  

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Religion
A modern designation for a style of theology associated with the Church of Alexandria. It is particularly used (in contrast to Antiochene theology) of forms of belief which emphasized the Divine ...
Ammonius Saccas

Ammonius Saccas  

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(fl.200–50)Alexandrian Platonist, and teacher of Plotinus and Origen (not to be confused with an earlier Ammonius, who taught Plutarch). Little is known of Ammonius, who seems to have belonged to the ...
angel

angel  

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Hermes was the messenger of Zeus. Iris was ascribed the same function; for Plato the two are the divine angeloi. By the 3rd cent. ad, angels played a large part in Judaism and Christianity, and they ...
Apocalypse

Apocalypse  

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Religion
The complete final destruction of the world, especially as described in the biblical book of Revelation. The word is recorded from Old English, and comes ultimately, via Old French and ecclesiastical ...
apocatastasis

apocatastasis  

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Religion
(Greek, restoration)In theology, the restoration of things after the millennium or final day of doom.
apocrypha

apocrypha  

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Religion
Biblical or related writings not forming part of the accepted canon of Scripture. The Old Testament Apocrypha include writings (dating from around 300 bc to ad 100) which appeared in the Septuagint ...
Apostolic Fathers

Apostolic Fathers  

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A title given since the 17th cent. to those Fathers of the age immediately after the NT period whose works survive in whole or part. They are Clement of Rome, Ignatius, Hermas, Polycarp, and Papias, ...
Aquila

Aquila  

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A convert from Christianity to Judaism, who made a very literal translation (140 ce) into Greek from the Hebrew of the OT intended to replace the version of the LXX used by the Christians.
Aristo of Pella

Aristo of Pella  

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(c.140), Apologist. He apparently wrote a (lost) ‘Disputation’; in it Jason, a baptized Jew, converts Papiscus, a fellow Jew, by proving the fulfilment of the Messianic prophecies in Christ.
asceticism

asceticism  

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Religion
The practice of severe self-discipline and abstention from all forms of indulgence, typically for religious reasons. The term comes (in the mid 17th century, via medieval Latin or Greek) from Greek ...
Askidas, Theodore

Askidas, Theodore  

Theologian; died Constantinople, Jan. 588. Askidas (᾽Ασκιδᾶς) was hegoumenos of the New Lavra in Palestine and from 537 onward metropolitan of Caesarea in Cappadocia. A supporter of the tenets of ...
atonement

atonement  

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Religion
Reparation, in Christian belief the reconciliation of God and mankind through Jesus Christ. The word comes (in the early 16th century, denoting unity or reconciliation, especially between God and ...
Baruch

Baruch  

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Religion
The scribe of the prophet Jeremiah; he was sent by his master to read Jeremiah's prophecies in the Temple, against the king's wishes. Baruch is also the name of a book of the Apocrypha, attributed in ...

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