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Agobard

Agobard  

(c.769–840), Abp. of Lyons from 816. He was a versatile scholar. He attacked the excessive veneration of images, trial by ordeal, and belief in witchcraft. He also wrote against the Adoptionist views ...
Anglo-Saxon Law

Anglo-Saxon Law  

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Overview Page
The law of the various Germanic peoples who conquered much of Britain in the fifth and sixth centuries laid the foundation for the medieval common law. Anglo-Saxon law's norms, institutions ...
architecture, Ecclesiastical

architecture, Ecclesiastical  

Ecclesiastical architecture responds, from a purely practical point of view, primarily to the requirements of worship and secondarily to the needs of those who dedicate themselves to the religious ...
Assize of Clarendon

Assize of Clarendon  

An assize (set of instructions for the king's judges) issued on Henry II's orders at Clarendon in 1166. It required grand juries to name (‘present’) suspected criminals so that the sheriff could have ...
Cunegund

Cunegund  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(c.978–1033),empress. The child of Siegfried and Hedwig of Luxemburg, she married the Emperor Henry II, was crowned with him by the pope in 1014, and influenced him in his ecclesiastical endowments, ...
duelling

duelling  

The first duel in Canada took place in 1646. In the next 200 years about 300 incidents were reported, ranging from challenges not accepted to actual swordplay or gunfire. Duels ...
Harald Bluetooth

Harald Bluetooth  

(c.910–985)The Danish king Harald (Haraldr Blátand, “Bluetooth”, i.e. black tooth, or Haraldr Gormsson) was the son of Gormr who reigned around 940 and of Thyri who seems to have ...
Holy Lance

Holy Lance  

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Subject:
Religion
Crucifixion relic. Recorded as early as 570, it is ‘re’discovered at Antioch during the First Crusade (1098). The Turkish sultan sent it to Pope Innocent VIII from Constantinople in 1492.[...]
inquest

inquest  

Derived from the later Latin inquisitio, the inquest was an investigative legal procedure that originated in republican Rome, but faded during the barbarian kingdoms before the dominance of the ...
Lateran Councils

Lateran Councils  

A series of councils held at the Lateran Palace in Rome from the 7th to the 18th cent.; five of them rank as oecumenical in the W. Church. The First (1123) ratified the Concordat of Worms ending the ...
oath

oath  

N.A pronouncement swearing the truth of a statement or promise, usually by an appeal to God to witness its truth. An oath is required by law for various purposes, in particular for affidavits and ...
Oradea

Oradea  

Seat of one the oldest bishoprics of Hungary, founded by King St Ladislas I (around 1090), whose grave in its cathedral became an important place of pilgrimage. (In 1437, Sigismund ...
procedure

procedure  

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Overview Page
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Law
N.(in court proceedings) The formal manner in which legal proceedings are conducted. See also adjective law; practice; rules of court.
public order

public order  

Roman law took as one of its prime duties the protection of public order by tying capital and non-capital punishments to an extensive list of crimes. With the fall of ...
Russkaya Pravda

Russkaya Pravda  

[Old Slavic: Правда Русьская, ‘Russian Truth’] The first legal code of the Eastern Slavs. There are three versions: Short (Kratkaya), Expanded (Prostrannaya), and Abridged (Sokraschennaya). The Short ...
St Stephen of Perm

St Stephen of Perm  

(d. 1396) Originally a monk, Stephen went to convert the Komi (Zyren) people in northeast Russia to Christianity.He is best known for having invented an alphabet for translating biblical ...
torture

torture  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.Under section 134 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988, the offence committed by a public official (or someone with the official's acquiescence) of intentionally inflicting severe physical or mental ...
trial

trial  

N.The hearing of a civil or criminal case before a court of competent jurisdiction. Trials must, with rare exceptions (see in camera), be held in public. At the trial all outstanding issues of law ...
trial by battle

trial by battle  

Widely practised, trial by battle (judicial combat) was a means of achieving a final decision between disputants. Not unlike the ordeal, trial by battle relied on combatants’ physical prowess to ...
trial by battle

trial by battle  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Before the Norman Conquest, guilt or innocence in legal disputes were decided by compurgation, where a party would summon a number of ‘oath helpers’ to swear to the reliability of his oath, or ...

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