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oil paint

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acrylic

acrylic  

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A modern synthetic paint, made with a resin derived from acrylic acid, that combines some of the properties of oils and watercolour. It was the first new painting medium in centuries and has become a ...
Antonello da Messina

Antonello da Messina  

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(b Messina, c.1430; d Messina, 14/25 Feb. 1479).Italian painter, mainly active at Messina in Sicily, the most famous artist to come from the island. He was one of the major pioneers of oil painting ...
Bartolomé Bermejo

Bartolomé Bermejo  

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(b ?Córdoba, ?c.1440; d ?Barcelona, c.1498).Spanish painter, evidently from Córdoba, but active in northern Spain—in Aragon and then from 1486 in Barcelona. His name was originally Bartolomé de ...
Bellini

Bellini  

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Family of Venetian painters who played a dominant role in the art of their city for three-quarters of a century. Jacopo (b Venice, c.1400; d Venice, 1470/1) was the father of Gentile and Giovanni and ...
binder

binder  

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The colloid substance of a paint vehicle, for example linseed oil in oil paint. The binder holds the pigment particles together to form a cohesive coating and attach it securely to the ground.
bozzetto

bozzetto  

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(Italian bozzo, ‘rough stone’)Strictly speaking a small-scale, three-dimensional sketch made by a sculptor in wax or clay in preparation for a larger, more finished work. By extension the term is ...
canvas

canvas  

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A woven cloth used as a support for painting. The best-quality canvas is made of linen; other materials used are cotton, hemp, and jute. It is now so familiar a material that the word ‘canvas’ has ...
diluent

diluent  

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(dy-loo-ĕnt)a substance, such as water, that is added to a solution or mixture to decrease its viscosity, enabling ease of administration, or to decrease its toxicity or potency.
Domenico Veneziano

Domenico Veneziano  

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(b ?Venice; bur. Florence, 15 May 1461).Italian painter, an important but enigmatic figure, whose life is poorly documented. His name indicates that he came from Venice, but he is first documented in ...
drying oil

drying oil  

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Any vegetable oil that will dry to a tough, leathery surface when spread out in thin layers. Drying oils such as linseed oil and poppyseed oil are typically used as the binder in oil paint.
encaustic

encaustic  

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Technique of painting using pigments mixed with hot wax. Its name derives from a Greek word meaning ‘burnt in’ and it was one of the principal painting techniques of the ancient world. Pliny ...
essence

essence  

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*Oil paint which has been thinned by blotting the oil from it and thinning the paint with turpentine. The resulting effect has the dryness and delicacy of an eggshell. Essence was used by a number of ...
gamboge

gamboge  

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The solidified yellow resin of certain Garcinia species (especially G. hanburyi), used as a paint pigment. Cambodia, whence it comes, derives its name from this product.
Jan van Eyck

Jan van Eyck  

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(b ?Maaseik, c.1380/90; d Bruges, June 1441).The most celebrated painter of the Early Netherlandish School. Within a few years of his death he had a reputation on both sides of the Alps as a painter ...
linseed oil

linseed oil  

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A pale yellow oil pressed from flax seed. It contains a mixture of glycerides of fatty acids, including linoleic acid and linolenic acid. It is a drying oil, used in oil paints, varnishes, linoleum, ...
medium

medium  

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Term used to refer to the material or form of expression used by an artist: thus painting, sculpture, and drawing are three different media, and bronze, marble, and wood are three of the media of ...
oleograph

oleograph  

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A coloured lithograph impressed with a canvas grain and varnished to make it look like an oil painting. Oleographs were popular—but often considered rather vulgar—in the second half of the 19th ...
pigment

pigment  

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Any substance used as a colouring agent, particularly the finely ground particles that when held in suspension in a medium constitute a paint. Most pigments are now manufactured synthetically, but in ...
poppy oil

poppy oil  

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Oil extracted from poppy seeds, one of the most popular of the drying oils used as a medium for oil painting. It is less viscous than linseed and walnut oil and does not easily turn rancid. It is, ...
refractive index

refractive index  

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A measure of the degree of refraction of light or other radiation at the interface of two media, equal to the ratio of the sine of the angle of incidence to the sine of the angle of refraction, which ...

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