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Antarctica

Antarctica  

The fifth largest and by far the coldest of the seven continents. It is centred on the South Pole, located mostly within the Antarctic Circle, covered with ice (which in places is more than 2000 ...
borehole

borehole  

A hole drilled into the ground either for subsurface exploration (for example in the search for reserves of oil or gas) or for extraction (for example the pumping groundwater from an aquifer).
development well

development well  

A well that is drilled with the intent of producing oil or gas from a reservoir that is known to be productive.
distillation

distillation  

The process of boiling a liquid and condensing and collecting the vapour. The liquid collected is the distillate. It is used to purify liquids and to separate liquid mixtures (see fractional ...
eicosapentaenoic acid

eicosapentaenoic acid  

(EPA)A long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (C20:5 w3); see oil, fish.
energy source

energy source  

Any material that is used to produce energy, including fossil fuels (coal, oil, gas), nuclear (fission and fusion), and renewables (solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, hydroelectric).
enfleurage

enfleurage  

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A method of extracting essential oils (see oils, essential) from flowers by placing them on glass trays covered with purified lard or other fat, which eventually becomes saturated with the oil.
fat

fat  

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(fat)a substance that consists chiefly of triglycerides and is the principal form in which energy is stored by the body (see adipose tissue). It also serves as an insulating material beneath the skin ...
fossil fuel

fossil fuel  

All deposits of organic material capable of being burnt for fuel; chiefly coal, oil, and gas. These are formed under pressure by alteration or decomposition of plant or animal remains.
fuel

fuel  

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A substance that is oxidized or otherwise changed in a furnace or heat engine to release useful heat or energy. For this purpose wood, vegetable oil, and animal products have largely been replaced by ...
lipid

lipid  

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Any of a group of naturally occurring fats or fat-like substances characterized by being insoluble in water but soluble in solvents such as chloroform or alcohol. Lipids are an important dietary ...
mineral oil

mineral oil  

In general, any oil that is made from minerals. Particularly, a thick, greenish‐brown, flammable liquid that is found underground in permeable organic sedimentary rock, which can be refined to ...
mineral rights

mineral rights  

The ownership of all rights to gas, oil, or other minerals as they naturally occur at or below the surface of a particular area of land.
National Response Center

National Response Center  

(NRC)The federal operations centre in the USA that receives notifications of all releases into the environment of oil and hazardous substances. It is operated by the US Coast Guard, which evaluates ...
natural gas

natural gas  

Gaseous hydrocarbons, chiefly methane (CH4), ethane (C2H6), propane (C3H8), and butane (C4H10), trapped in pore spaces in rocks with or without liquid petroleum. It has a high heat value and burns ...
non-renewable energy

non-renewable energy  

Energy (such as the fossil fuels: oil, natural gas, and coal) that comes from a natural resource which is not replaced, or is replaced only very slowly, by natural processes.
non-renewable resource

non-renewable resource  

Resource that is concentrated or formed at a rate very much slower than its rate of consumption and thus, for all practical purposes, is non-renewable. Compare renewable resource.
oil desulphurization

oil desulphurization  

A method of reducing sulphur dioxide emissions from power plants that burn oil, in which the oil is treated with hydrogen (forming hydrogen sulphide gas and reducing the sulphur content of the oil) ...
oil fingerprinting

oil fingerprinting  

A method of identifying the chemical characteristics of a particular oil, which allows oil spills to be traced to their source.
oil pipeline

oil pipeline  

A pipe along which oil is transported from the refinery to other places.

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